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Meningitis References

Disease Prevention and Treatment, 5th edition

The references on this page correspond with the print version of Disease Prevention and Treatment, 5th edition. Since we continuously update the protocols online in response to new scientific developments, readers are encouraged to review the latest versions of the protocols.

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  4. Kasper DL, Braunwald E, et al, eds. Harrison's Principles of Internal Medicine. 16th ed. New York , NY : McGraw-Hill; 2004.
  5. Bilukha OO, Rosenstein N. Prevention and control of meningococcal disease: recommendations of the Advisory Committee on Immunization Practices (ACIP). MMWR Recomm Rep. 2005 May 27;54(RR-7):1-21.
  6. Beers MH, Berkow R, eds. The Merck Manual of Diagnosis and Therapy.17th ed.Internet edition provided by MEDICAL SERVICES, USMEDSA, USHH. 1999-2005. Available at: Accessed November 11, 2005.
  7. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) website .HaemophilusinfluenzaeSerotype b (Hib) Disease. Available at: Accessed November 11, 2005c.
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  9. Angstwurm K, HanischUK , et al. Tyrosine kinase inhibition reduces inflammation in the acute stage of experimental pneumococcal meningitis. Infect Immun. 2004 Jun;72(6):3294-8.
  10. Sokolova O, Heppel N, et al. Interaction of Neisseria meningitidis with human brain microvascular endothelial cells : role of MAP- and tyrosine kinases in invasion and inflammatory cytokine release. Cell Microbiol.2004 Dec;6(12):1153-66.
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  12. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) website .Viral (“Aseptic”) Meningitis. Available at: Accessed November 11, 2005b.
  13. Volpi A. Epstein-Barr virus and human herpesvirus type 8 infections of the central nervous system. Herpes. 2004 Jun;11(suppl 2):120A-127A.
  14. Beghi E, Nicolosi A, et al. Encephalitis and aseptic meningitis, Olmsted County, Minnesota, 1950-1981, I: epidemiology. Ann Neurol. 1984 Sep;16(3):283-94.
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  18. Klein NJ ,Ison CA , et al. The influence of capsulation and lipooligosaccharide structure on neutrophil adhesion molecule expression and endothelial injury by Neisseria meningitidis.J Infect Dis. 1996 Jan;173(1):172-9.
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  20. Sanbongi C, Takano H, et al. Rosmarinic acid in perilla extract inhibits allergic inflammation induced by mite allergen, in a mouse model. ClinExp Allergy. 2004 Jun;34(6):971-7.
  21. Kastenbauer S, Koedel U, et al. Oxidative stress in bacterial meningitis in humans. Neurology.2002 Jan 22;58(2):186-91.
  22. Ge NN, Brodie SA, et al. The effects of superoxide dismutase in gerbils with bacterial meningitis.Otolaryngol Head Neck Surg. 2004 Nov;131(5):563-72.
  23. Caksen H, Cemek M, et al. Brief clinical study: lipid peroxidation and antioxidant status in children with acute purulent meningitis and encephalitis. Int J Neurosci. 2004 Jan;114(1):105-111.
  24. Heinz-Erian P, Achmuller M, et al. Cerebrospinal fluid and plasma levels of vitamin C in children. PadiatrPadol. 1985;20(1):49-54.
  25. Koedel U, Pfister HW. Oxidative stress in bacterial meningitis.Brain Pathol.1999 Jan;9(1):57-67.
  26. Silva SO, Ximenes VF, et al. High concentrations of the melatonin metabolite, N1-acetyl-N2-formyl-5-methoxykynuramine, in cerebrospinal fluid of patients with meningitis: a possible immunomodulatory mechanism. J Pineal Res. 2005 Oct;39(3):302-6.
  27. Gerber J, Lotz M, et al. Melatonin is neuroprotective in experimental Streptococcus pneumoniae meningitis. J Infect Dis. 2005 Mar 1;191(5):783-90.
  28. Mitsuishi T, Iida K, et al. Cimetidine treatment for viral warts enhances IL-2 and IFN-gamma expression but not IL-18 expression in lesional skin. Eur J Dermatol. 2003 Sep-Oct;13(5):445-8.
  29. Hulisz D. Efficacy of zinc against common cold viruses: an overview. J Am Pharm Assoc (Wash DC). 2004 Sep-Oct;44(5):594-603.
  30. Swart PJ, Kuipers EM, et al. Lactoferrin: antiviral activity of lactoferrin. AdvExp Med Biol. 1998;443:205-13.
  31. Waarts BL, Aneke OJ, et al. Antiviral activity of human lactoferrin: inhibition of alphavirus interaction with heparan sulfate. Virology. 2005 Mar 15;333(2):284-92.
  32. Harris JC, Cottrell SL, Plummer S, et al. Antimicrobial properties of Allium sativum (garlic). Appl Microbiol Biotechnol.  2001 Oct;57(3):282-6.
  33. Guo NL, Lu DP, Woods GL, Reed E, Zhou GZ, Zhang LB, Waldman RH. Demonstration of the anti-viral activity of garlic extract against human cytomegalovirus in vitro. Chin Med J (Engl). 1993 Feb;106(2):93-6.
  34. Kyo E, Uda N, et al. Immunomodulatory effects of aged garlic extract. J Nutr. 2001 Mar;131(suppl 3):1075S-1079S.
  35. Danenberg HD, Ben-Yehuda A, et al. Dehydroepiandrosterone (DHEA) treatment reverses the impaired immune response of old mice to influenza vaccination and protects from influenza infection. Vaccine. 1995;13(15):1445-8.
  36. Padgett DA, Loria RM, et al. Steroid hormone regulation of antiviral immunity.Ann N Y Acad Sci. 2000;917:935-43.
  37. Maestroni GJ. Therapeutic potential of melatonin in immunodeficiency states, viral diseases, and cancer. AdvExp Med Biol. 1999;467:217-26.