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Study Findings from Y. Liang et al Provide New Insights into Diabetes


By a News Reporter-Staff News Editor at Cardiovascular Week -- Investigators publish new report on Diabetes. According to news reporting from Hamilton, Canada, by NewsRx journalists, research stated, "Moderate alcohol consumption may reduce cardiovascular events, but little is known about its effect on atrial fibrillation in people at high risk of such events. We examined the association between moderate alcohol consumption and the risk of incident atrial fibrillation among older adults with existing cardiovascular disease or diabetes."

The news correspondents obtained a quote from the research, "We analyzed data for 30 433 adults who participated in 2 large antihypertensive drug treatment trials and who had no atrial fibrillation at baseline. The patients were 55 years or older and had a history of cardiovascular disease or diabetes with end-organ damage. We classified levels of alcohol consumption according to median cut-off values for low, moderate and high intake based on guidelines used in various countries, and we defined binge drinking as more than 5 drinks a day. The primary outcome measure was incident atrial fibrillation. A total of 2093 patients had incident atrial fibrillation. The age-and sex-standardized incidence rate per 1000 person-years was 14.5 among those with a low level of alcohol consumption, 17.3 among those with a moderate level and 20.8 among those with a high level. Compared with participants who had a low level of consumption, those with higher levels had an increased risk of incident atrial fibrillation (adjusted hazard ratio [HR] 1.14, 95% confidence interval [CI] 1.04-1.26, for moderate consumption; 1.32, 95% CI 0.97-1.80, for high consumption). Results were similar after we excluded binge drinkers. Among those with moderate alcohol consumption, binge drinkers had an increased risk of atrial fibrillation compared with non-binge drinkers (adjusted HR 1.29, 95% CI 1.02-1.62). Moderate to high alcohol intake was associated with an increased incidence of atrial fibrillation among people aged 55 or older with cardiovascular disease or diabetes."

According to the news reporters, the research concluded: "Among moderate drinkers, the effect of binge drinking on the risk of atrial fibrillation was similar to that of habitual heavy drinking."

For more information on this research see: Alcohol consumption and the risk of incident atrial fibrillation among people with cardiovascular disease. Cmaj - Canadian Medical Association Journal, 2012;184(16):E857-66 (see also Diabetes).

Our news journalists report that additional information may be obtained by contacting Y. Liang, Hamilton Health SciencesMcMaster University, Hamilton, Ontario, Canada. Additional authors for this research include A. Mente, S. Yusuf, P. Gao, P. Sleight, J. Zhu, R. Fagard, E. Lonn and K.K Teo.

Keywords for this news article include: Canada, Ontario, Hamilton, Diabetes, Cardiology, Atrial Fibrillation, Risk and Prevention, Cardiovascular Diseases, North and Central America.

Our reports deliver fact-based news of research and discoveries from around the world. Copyright 2013, NewsRx LLC

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