Health & Medicine Week
Recent Findings in Antioxidants and Redox Signaling Described by Researchers from
According to the news reporters, the research concluded: "Aging is a multi-factorial process that may be associated with several functional and structural deficits which can evolve into degenerative diseases. In this review, we present data that may depict an expanded view of molecular aging theories, beginning with the idea that reactive oxygen species (ROS) are the major effectors in this process. In addition, we have correlated the importance of autophagy as a neuroprotective mechanism and discussed a link between age-related molecules, Ca2+ signaling, and oxidative stress. Recent Advances: There is evidence suggesting that alterations in Ca2+ homeostasis, including mitochondrial Ca2+ overload and alterations in electron transport chain (ETC) complexes, which increase cell vulnerability, are linked to oxidative stress in aging. As much as Ca2+ signaling is altered in aged cells, excess ROS can be produced due to an ineffective coupling of mitochondrial respiration. Damaged mitochondria might not be removed by the macroautophagic system, which is hampered in aging by lipofuscin accumulation, boosting ROS generation, damaging DNA, and, ultimately, leading to apoptosis. Critical Issues: This process can lead to altered protein expression (such as p53, Sirt1, and IGF-1) and progress to cell death. This cycle can lead to increased cell vulnerability in aging and contribute to an increased susceptibility to degenerative processes. Future Directions: A better understanding of Ca2+ signaling and molecular aging alterations is important for preventing apoptosis in age-related diseases. In addition, caloric restriction, resveratrol and autophagy modulation appear to be predominantly cytoprotective, and further studies of this process are promising in age-related disease therapeutics."
For more information on this research see: Calcium Signaling Alterations, Oxidative Stress, and Autophagy in Aging. Antioxidants & Redox Signaling, 2014;21(1):123-137. Antioxidants & Redox Signaling can be contacted at:
Our news correspondents report that additional information may be obtained by contacting R.P. Ureshino,
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