Study Results from University of California Provide New Insights into Psychosocial (Clues to maintaining calorie restriction? Psychosocial profiles of successful long-term restrictors)
By a News Reporter-Staff News Editor at Food Weekly News -- Investigators publish new report on Psychosocial. According to news reporting out of San Francisco, California, by VerticalNews editors, research stated, "To combat the obesity epidemic, interventions and treatments often recommend low-calorie dieting. Calorie restriction (CR) as a weight intervention, however, is often unsuccessful, as most people cannot sustain the behavior."
Our news journalists obtained a quote from the research from the University of California, "Yet one small group has maintained extreme CR over years - members of the CR Society and followers of The CR Way. This study examined stable psychosocial characteristics of these individuals to identify traits that may promote success at long-term CR. In 65 participants, we measured diet, eating behaviors, and personality traits comparing calorie restrictors with two age-, gender-, ethnicity-, and education-matched comparison groups (normal weight and overweight/obese). We first tested whether the CR group restricted calories without indications of eating disorder pathology, and second, what crystallized psychosocial characteristics set them apart from their nonrestricting comparisons. Results indicated the CR group averaged 10 years of CR but scored lower than comparison groups on measures of disordered eating (p < .001) and psychopathology (p < .001). Particularly against overweight/obese participants, CR participants scored lower on neuroticism (p < .04) and hostility (p < .01), and were stronger in future time orientation (p < .05). Overall, CR profiles reflected high self-control and well being, except for having few close relationships. This study suggests a potential predisposition for successful long-term CR without disordered eating. Since modifying trait factors may be unrealistic, there may be psychosocial boundaries to the capacity for sustaining CR."
According to the news editors, the research concluded: "Paralleling a movement toward personalized medicine, this study points toward a personalized behavioral medicine model in behavioral nutrition and treatment of overweight/obesity."
For more information on this research see: Clues to maintaining calorie restriction? Psychosocial profiles of successful long-term restrictors. Appetite, 2014;79():106-112. Appetite can be contacted at: Academic Press Ltd- Elsevier Science Ltd, 24-28 Oval Rd, London NW1 7DX, England. (Elsevier - www.elsevier.com; Appetite - www.elsevier.com/wps/product/cws_home/622785)
Our news journalists report that additional information may be obtained by contacting A.C.I. Belsky, University of California, Dept. of Psychiat, San Francisco, CA, United States. Additional authors for this research include E.S. Epel and A.J. Tomiyama.
Keywords for this news article include: San Francisco, California, United States, North and Central America, Personalized Medicine, Psychosocial
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