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ACOG. Premenstrual Syndrome. International Journal of Gynecology and Obstetrics. 2001;73:183-191.

Agha-Hosseini M, Kashani L, Aleyaseen A, Ghoreishi A, Rahmanpour H, Zarrinara AR, Akhondzadeh S. Crocus sativus L. (saffron) in the treatment of premenstrual syndrome: a double-blind, randomised and placebo-controlled trial. BJOG : an international journal of obstetrics and gynaecology. Mar 2008;115(4):515-519.

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Alvero R. Ferri's Clinical Advisor. Premenstrual Syndrome. Available at: www.clinicalkey.com. Copyright © 2014. Accessed 8/11/2014.

Ambrosini A, Di Lorenzo C, Coppola G, et al. Use of Vitex agnus-castus in migrainous women with premenstrual syndrome: an open-label clinical observation. Acta Neurologica Belgica. 2013;113(1):25-29.

AMS. Australasian Menopause Society. Surgical Menopause. Available at: https://www.menopause.org.au/for-women/information-sheets/736-surgical-menopause. Last updated 5/2013. Accessed 12/23/2014.

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ARHP. Association of Reproductive Health Professionals. Publications and Resources page. Managing Premenstrual Symptoms. 6/2008. Accessed 2/23/2015.

Atmaca M, Kumru S, Tezcan E. Fluoxetine versus Vitex agnus castus extract in the treatment of premenstrual dysphoric disorder. Human psychopharmacology. Apr 2003;18(3):191-195.

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Backstrom T, Sanders D, Leask R, Davidson D, Warner P, Bancroft J. Mood, sexuality, hormones, and the menstrual cycle. II. Hormone levels and their relationship to the premenstrual syndrome. Psychosomatic medicine. Dec 1983;45(6):503-507.

Benmansour S, Weaver RS, Barton AK, Adeniji OS, Frazer A. Comparison of the effects of estradiol and progesterone on serotonergic function. Biol Psychiatry. Apr 1 2012;71(7):633-641.

Bernardi F, Pluchino N, Begliuomini S, Lenzi E, Palumbo M, Luisi M, Genazzani AR. Disadaptive disorders in women: allopregnanolone, a sensitive steroid. Gynecological endocrinology : the official journal of the International Society of Gynecological Endocrinology. Dec 2004;19(6):344-353.

Bertone-Johnson ER, Hankinson SE, Bendich A, Johnson SR, Willett WC, Manson JE. Calcium and vitamin D intake and risk of incident premenstrual syndrome. Archives of internal medicine. Jun 13 2005;165(11):1246-1252.

Bertone-Johnson ER, Hankinson SE, Forger NG, Powers SI, Willett WC, Johnson SR, Manson JE. Plasma 25-hydroxyvitamin D and risk of premenstrual syndrome in a prospective cohort study. BMC women's health. 2014;14:56.

Bertone-Johnson ER, Hankinson SE, Johnson SR, Manson JE. Cigarette smoking and the development of premenstrual syndrome. American journal of epidemiology. Oct 15 2008;168(8):938-945.

Bertone-Johnson ER, Hankinson SE, Willett WC, Johnson SR, Manson JE. Adiposity and the development of premenstrual syndrome. Journal of women's health (2002). Nov 2010;19(11):1955-1962.

Bhatia SC, Bhatia SK. Diagnosis and treatment of premenstrual dysphoric disorder. American family physician. Oct 1 2002;66(7):1239-1248.

Boruban MC, Altundag K, Kilic GS, Blankstein J. From endometrial hyperplasia to endometrial cancer: insight into the biology and possible medical preventive measures. European journal of cancer prevention : the official journal of the European Cancer Prevention Organisation (ECP). Apr 2008;17(2):133-138.

BreastCancer.org Staff. Is it Menopause? Available at: http://www.breastcancer.org/tips/menopausal/understand/is_it. Last updated 5/9/13. Accessed 8/25/14.

Bryant M, Truesdale KP, Dye L. Modest changes in dietary intake across the menstrual cycle: implications for food intake research. The British journal of nutrition. Nov 2006;96(5):888-894.

Brzyski RG, Knudtson J. Menstrual Cycle; from The Merck Manual Home Edition. Available at: http://www.merckmanuals.com/home/womens_health_issues/biology_of_the_female_reproductive_system/menstrual_cycle.html. Last updated 7/13. Accessed 8/20/14.

Busse JW, Montori VM, Krasnik C, Patelis-Siotis I, Guyatt GH. Psychological intervention for premenstrual syndrome: a meta-analysis of randomized controlled trials. Psychotherapy and psychosomatics. 2009;78(1):6-15.

Calder PC. Marine omega-3 fatty acids and inflammatory processes: Effects, mechanisms and clinical relevance. Biochimica et biophysica acta. Apr 2015;1851(4):469-484.

Canning S, Waterman M, Orsi N, Ayres J, Simpson N, Dye L. The efficacy of Hypericum perforatum (St John's wort) for the treatment of premenstrual syndrome: a randomized, double-blind, placebo-controlled trial. CNS drugs. Mar 2010;24(3):207-225.

Caspi A, Sugden K, Moffitt TE, Taylor A, Craig IW, Harrington H, . . . Poulton R. Influence of life stress on depression: moderation by a polymorphism in the 5-HTT gene. Science (New York, N.Y.). Jul 18 2003;301(5631):386-389.

Chocano-Bedoya PO, Manson JE, Hankinson SE, Willett WC, Johnson SR, Chasan-Taber L, . . . Bertone-Johnson ER. Dietary B vitamin intake and incident premenstrual syndrome. The American journal of clinical nutrition. May 2011;93(5):1080-1086.

Cirillo PC, Passos RB, Bevilaqua MC, Lopez JR, Nardi AE. Bipolar disorder and Premenstrual Syndrome or Premenstrual Dysphoric Disorder comorbidity: a systematic review. Revista brasileira de psiquiatria (Sao Paulo, Brazil : 1999). Dec 2012;34(4):467-479.

Clayton AH, Keller AE, Leslie C, Evans W. Exploratory study of premenstrual symptoms and serotonin variability. Archives of women's mental health. Jan 2006;9(1):51-57.

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Cunningham J, Yonkers KA, O'Brien S, Eriksson E. Update on research and treatment of premenstrual dysphoric disorder. Harvard review of psychiatry. 2009;17(2):120-137.

De Souza MC, Walker AF, Robinson PA, Bolland K. A synergistic effect of a daily supplement for 1 month of 200 mg magnesium plus 50 mg vitamin B6 for the relief of anxiety-related premenstrual symptoms: a randomized, double-blind, crossover study. Journal of women's health & gender-based medicine. Mar 2000;9(2):131-139.

Dennerstein L, Spencer-Gardner C, Gotts G, Brown JB, Smith MA, Burrows GD. Progesterone and the premenstrual syndrome: a double blind crossover trial. British medical journal (Clinical research ed.). Jun 1 1985;290(6482):1617-1621.

Dhingra V, Magnay JL, O'Brien PM, Chapman G, Fryer AA, Ismail KM. Serotonin receptor 1A C(-1019)G polymorphism associated with premenstrual dysphoric disorder. Obstetrics and gynecology. Oct 2007;110(4):788-792.

Douglas S. Premenstrual syndrome. Evidence-based treatment in family practice. Canadian family physician Medecin de famille canadien. Nov 2002;48:1789-1797.

Duckworth K, Freedman JL. NAMI: National Alliance on Mental Health. Treatment & Services page. Cognitive Behavioral Therapy (CBT)? Available at: http://www2.nami.org/Content/NavigationMenu/Inform_Yourself/About_Mental_Illness/About_Treatments_and_Supports/Cognitive_Behavioral_Therapy1.htm. 7/2012. Accessed 2/23/2015.

EBSCO. NYU Langone Medical Center. Gamma-Linolenic Acid. Available at: http://www.med.nyu.edu/content?ChunkIID=21587. Copyright 2014. Accessed 12/23/2014.

Endicott J, Nee J, Harrison W. Daily Record of Severity of Problems (DRSP): reliability and validity. Archives of women's mental health. Jan 2006;9(1):41-49.

Engin E, Treit D. The anxiolytic-like effects of allopregnanolone vary as a function of intracerebral microinfusion site: the amygdala, medial prefrontal cortex, or hippocampus. Behavioural pharmacology. Sep 2007;18(5-6):461-470.

Epperson CN, Steiner M, Hartlage SA, Eriksson E, Schmidt PJ, Jones I, Yonkers KA. Premenstrual dysphoric disorder: evidence for a new category for DSM-5. The American journal of psychiatry. May 2012;169(5):465-475.

Facchinetti F, Borella P, Sances G, Fioroni L, Nappi RE, Genazzani AR. Oral magnesium successfully relieves premenstrual mood changes. Obstetrics and gynecology. Aug 1991;78(2):177-181.

Facchinetti F, Sances G, Borella P, Genazzani AR, Nappi G. Magnesium prophylaxis of menstrual migraine: effects on intracellular magnesium. Headache. May 1991;31(5):298-301.

Fathizadeh N, Ebrahimi E, Valiani M, Tavakoli N, Yar MH. Evaluating the effect of magnesium and magnesium plus vitamin B6 supplement on the severity of premenstrual syndrome. Iranian journal of nursing and midwifery research. Dec 2010;15(Suppl 1):401-405.

FDA. U.S. Food and Drug Administration. Drugs page. FDA Drug Safety Communication: Updated information about the risk of blood clots in women taking birth control pills containing drospirenone. Last updated 2/15/2013. Accessed 2/23/2015.

Files JA, Ko MG, Pruthi S. Bioidentical hormone therapy. Mayo Clinic proceedings. Mayo Clinic. Jul 2011;86(7):673-680, quiz 680.

Finocchi C, Ferrari M. Female reproductive steroids and neuronal excitability. Neurological sciences : official journal of the Italian Neurological Society and of the Italian Society of Clinical Neurophysiology. May 2011;32 Suppl 1:S31-35.

Freeman EW, Halbreich U, Grubb GS, Rapkin AJ, Skouby SO, Smith L, . . . Constantine GD. An overview of four studies of a continuous oral contraceptive (levonorgestrel 90 mcg/ethinyl estradiol 20 mcg) on premenstrual dysphoric disorder and premenstrual syndrome. Contraception. May 2012;85(5):437-445.

Freeman EW, Sondheimer SJ. Premenstrual Dysphoric Disorder: Recognition and Treatment. Primary care companion to the Journal of clinical psychiatry. Feb 2003;5(1):30-39.

Freeman EW. Treatment of depression associated with the menstrual cycle: premenstrual dysphoria, postpartum depression, and the perimenopause. Dialogues in clinical neuroscience. 2002;4(2):177-191.

Fugh-Berman A, Bythrow J. Bioidentical hormones for menopausal hormone therapy: variation on a theme. Journal of general internal medicine. Jul 2007;22(7):1030-1034.

Gaby AR. Nutritional Medicine. Premenstrual Syndrome. Concord, NH: Fritz Perlberg Publishing; 2011.

Ghanbari Z, Haghollahi F, Shariat M, Foroshani AR, Ashrafi M. Effects of calcium supplement therapy in women with premenstrual syndrome. Taiwanese journal of obstetrics & gynecology. Jun 2009;48(2):124-129.

Ghazanfarpour M, Kaviani M, Asadi N, Ghaffarpasand F, Ziyadlou S, Tabatabaee HR, Dehghankhalili M. Hypericum perforatum for the treatment of premenstrual syndrome. International Journal of Gynecology and Obstetrics. 2011;113(1):84-85.

Gingnell M, Comasco E, Oreland L, Fredrikson M, Sundstrom-Poromaa I. Neuroticism-related personality traits are related to symptom severity in patients with premenstrual dysphoric disorder and to the serotonin transporter gene-linked polymorphism 5-HTTPLPR. Archives of women's mental health. Oct 2010;13(5):417-423.

Girdler SS, Klatzkin R. Neurosteroids in the context of stress: implications for depressive disorders. Pharmacology & therapeutics. Oct 2007;116(1):125-139.

Girdler SS, Pedersen CA, Light KC. Thyroid axis function during the menstrual cycle in women with premenstrual syndrome. Psychoneuroendocrinology. 1995;20(4):395-403.

Girdler SS, Straneva PA, Light KC, Pedersen CA, Morrow AL. Allopregnanolone levels and reactivity to mental stress in premenstrual dysphoric disorder. Biol Psychiatry. May 1 2001;49(9):788-797.

Goker A, Ulkumen BA, Aktenk F, Ikiz N. Premenstrual syndrome in Turkish medical students and their quality of life. Journal of obstetrics and gynaecology : the journal of the Institute of Obstetrics and Gynaecology. Aug 20 2014:1-4.

Goncharenko VM, Beniuk VA, Kalenska OV, Demchenko OM, Spivak MY, Bubnov RV. Predictive diagnosis of endometrial hyperplasia and personalized therapeutic strategy in women of fertile age. The EPMA journal. 2013;4(1):24.

Haddad P. The SSRI discontinuation syndrome. Journal of psychopharmacology (Oxford, England). 1998;12(3):305-313.

Hainer V, Kabrnova K, Aldhoon B, Kunesova M, Wagenknecht M. Serotonin and norepinephrine reuptake inhibition and eating behavior. Annals of the New York Academy of Sciences. Nov 2006;1083:252-269.

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Higdon J. Linus Pauling Institute. Micronutrient Information Center. Magnesium. Available at: http://lpi.oregonstate.edu/infocenter/minerals/magnesium/. Last updated 10/2013. Accessed 12/1/2014.

Higdon J. Linus Pauling Institute. Micronutrient Information Center. Vitamin B6. Available at: http://lpi.oregonstate.edu/infocenter/vitamins/vitaminB6/. Last updated 5/2014. Accessed 2/2/2015.

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Huang CB, Ebersole JL. A novel bioactivity of omega-3 polyunsaturated fatty acids and their ester derivatives. Molecular oral microbiology. Feb 2010;25(1):75-80.

Huang KL, Tsai SJ. St. John's wort (Hypericum perforatum) as a treatment for premenstrual dysphoric disorder: case report. International journal of psychiatry in medicine. 2003;33(3):295-297.

Hudson T. Chapter 202: Premenstrual Syndrome. pp 1740 - 1747. In: Textbook of Natural Medicine. Pizzorno JE and Murray MT, eds. Copyright 2013 by Churchill Livingstone, an Imprint of Elsevier Inc. 2013.

Ibrahim RM, Soliman SM, Mahmoud HM. Effect of Vitex agnus Custus (VAC) on premenstrual syndromes among nursing students. Journal of American Science. 2012;8(4):144-153.

Jang SH, Kim DI, Choi MS. Effects and treatment methods of acupuncture and herbal medicine for premenstrual syndrome/premenstrual dysphoric disorder: systematic review. BMC complementary and alternative medicine. 2014;14:11.

Jick SS, Hernandez RK. Risk of non-fatal venous thromboembolism in women using oral contraceptives containing drospirenone compared with women using oral contraceptives containing levonorgestrel: case-control study using United States claims data. BMJ (Clinical research ed.). 2011;342:d2151.

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Khayat S, Kheirkhah M, Behboodi Moghadam Z, Fanaei H, Kasaeian A, Javadimehr M. Effect of treatment with ginger on the severity of premenstrual syndrome symptoms. ISRN obstetrics and gynecology. 2014;2014:792708.

Kim DR, Gyulai L, Freeman EW, Morrison MF, Baldassano C, Dube B. Premenstrual dysphoric disorder and psychiatric co-morbidity. Archives of women's mental health. Feb 2004;7(1):37-47.

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Klatzkin RR, Lindgren ME, Forneris CA, Girdler SS. Histories of major depression and premenstrual dysphoric disorder: Evidence for phenotypic differences. Biological psychology. May 2010;84(2):235-247.

Klatzkin RR, Morrow AL, Light KC, Pedersen CA, Girdler SS. Histories of depression, allopregnanolone responses to stress, and premenstrual symptoms in women. Biological psychology. Jan 2006;71(1):2-11.

Kleinstauber M, Witthoft M, Hiller W. Cognitive-behavioral and pharmacological interventions for premenstrual syndrome or premenstrual dysphoric disorder: a meta-analysis. Journal of clinical psychology in medical settings. Sep 2012;19(3):308-319.

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