Catabolic Wasting - Cachexia and Sarcopenia
Risk factors for cachexia include cancer, HIV/AIDS, or other conditions such as heart failure, chronic lung disease, and inflammatory bowel disease (Siddiqui 2006). Cancer-related cachexia is somewhat more common in men than women (Merck 2013).
Major risk factors for sarcopenia include aging, malnutrition, physical inactivity, and serious health problems such as heart and/or kidney failure (Marzetti 2009; Rolland 2011). Type 2 diabetes in older men has also been associated with an accelerated loss of muscle mass compared to men with normal blood sugar levels (Leeanders 2013).