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Aaronson, A. J., Morrissey, R. P., Nguyen, C. T., Willix, R., and Schwarz, E. R. Update on the safety of testosterone therapy in cardiac disease. Expert Opin Drug Saf. 2011;10(5):697–704

Abdel-Qadir, H. M., Lee, D.S. The contribution of familial and heritable risks in heart failure. Curr Opin Cardiol. 2007;22(3):214-9.

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Albert, N.M., Fonarow, G.C., Abraham, W.T., Gheorghiade, M., Greenberg, B.H., Nunez, E., et al. Depression and clinical outcomes in heart failure: an OPTIMIZE-HF analysis. Am J Med. 2009;122(4):366-73

Almoznino-Sarafian D, Sarafian G, Berman S, Shteinshnaider M, Tzur I, Cohen N, Gorelik O. Magnesium administration may improve heart rate variability in patients with heart failure. Nutrition, metabolism, and cardiovascular diseases : NMCD. Nov 2009;19(9):641-645.

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Ascenção, R., Fortuna, P., Reis, I., and Carneiro, A. V. Drug therapy for chronic heart failure due to left ventricular systolic dysfunction: a review. III. Angiotensin-converting enzyme inhibitors. Rev Port Cardiol. 2008;27(9):1169–87

Assmus B, Rolf A, Erbs S, et al. Clinical outcome 2 years after intracoronary administration of bone marrow-derived progenitor cells in acute myocardial infarction. Circulation. Heart failure.Jan 2010;3(1):89-96.

Aukrust, P., Ueland, T., Gullestad, L., and Yndestad, A. Testosterone: a novel therapeutic approach in chronic heart failure? J Am Coll Cardiol. 2009;54(10):928–9

Avni T, Leibovici L, Gafter-Gvili A. Iron supplementation for the treatment of chronic heart failure and iron deficiency: systematic review and meta-analysis. European journal of heart failure. Apr 2012;14(4):423-429.

Azizi-Namini, P., Ahmed, M., Yan, A. T., and Keith, M. The role of B vitamins in the management of heart failure. Nutr Clin Pract. 2012;27(3):363–74

Azuma, J., Sawamura, A., and Awata, N. Usefulness of taurine in chronic congestive heart failure and its prospective application. Jpn. Circ. J. 1992;56(1):95–9

Bae, S., Singh, S. S., Yu, H., Lee, J. Y., Cho, B. R., and Kang, P. M. Vitamin D signaling pathway plays an important role in the development of heart failure after myocardial infarction. J Appl Physiol. 2013;114(8):979–87

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Barreras, A., Gurk-Turner, C. Angiotensin II receptor blockers. Proc (Bayl Univ Med Cent). 2003;16(1):123-6

Baxalta US Inc. A Prospective, Randomized, Double-blind, Active-control and Unblinded Standard of Care (SOC) Controlled Study to Determine the Efficacy and Safety of Targeted Intramyocardial Delivery of Autologous CD34+ Cells (Auto-CD34+ Cells) for Increasing Exercise Capacity During Standardized Exercise Testing in Subjects With Refractory Angina Pectoris and Chronic Myocardial Ischemia. In: ClinicalTrial.gov [Internet]. Bethesda (MD): National Library of Medicine (US). Last updated 2015 Dec 11. Available from https://clinicaltrials.gov/ct2/show/study/NCT01508910. NLM Identifier: NCT01508910.

Beveridge, L. A., and Witham, M. D. Vitamin D and the cardiovascular system. Osteoporos Int. 2013; 24(8):167-80.

Beyranvand, M. R., Khalafi, M. K., Roshan, V. D., Choobineh, S., Parsa, S. A., and Piranfar, M. A. Effect of taurine supplementation on exercise capacity of patients with heart failure. J Cardiol. 2011;57(3):333–7

Bharani A, Ahirwar LK, Jain N. Terminalia arjuna reverses impaired endothelial function in chronic smokers. Indian heart journal. Mar-Apr 2004;56(2):123-128.

Bibevski, S., Dunlap, M.E. Evidence for impaired vagus nerve activity in heart failure. Heart Fail Rev. 2011;16(2):129-35

Boxall, B.W., Clark, A.L. Beta-blockers and weight change in patients with chronic heart failure. J Card Fail. 2012;18(3):233-7

Britton, K.A., Gaziano, J.M., Djoussé, L. Normal systolic blood pressure and risk of heart failure in US male physicians. Eur J Heart Fail. 2009;11(12):1129-34

Brodbin P, O'Connor CA. Trimetazidine in the treatment of angina pectoris. The British journal of clinical practice. Sep 1968;22(9):395-396.

Brozena, S. C., and Jessup, M. The new staging system for heart failure. What every primary care physician should know. Geriatrics. 2003;58(6):31–6–quiz38

Brum PC, Bacurau AV, Medeiros A, Ferreira JC, Vanzelli AS, Negrao CE. Aerobic exercise training in heart failure: impact on sympathetic hyperactivity and cardiac and skeletal muscle function. Brazilian journal of medical and biological research = Revista brasileira de pesquisas medicas e biologicas / Sociedade Brasileira de Biofisica ... [et al.]. Sep 2011;44(9):827-835.

Bryson, C. L., Mukamal, K. J., Mittleman, M. A.,  The Association of Alcohol Consumption and Incident Heart Failure. J Am Coll Cardiol. 2006;48(2):305–11

Carrel T, Englberger L, Martinelli MV, Takala J, Boesch C, Sigurdadottir V, . . . Mohacsi P. Continuous flow left ventricular assist devices: a valid option for heart failure patients. Swiss medical weekly. 2012;142:w13701.

CDC (Centers for Disease Control and Prevention) (US); National Center for Chronic Disease Prevention and Health Promotion (US); Office on Smoking and Health (US). How Tobacco Smoke Causes Disease: The Biology and Behavioral Basis for Smoking-Attributable Disease: A Report of the Surgeon General. Atlanta (GA): Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (US); 2010. 6, Cardiovascular Diseases. Available from: http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/books/NBK53012/

Ceremuzyński, L., Gebalska, J., Wolk, R., and Makowska, E. Hypomagnesemia in heart failure with ventricular arrhythmias. Beneficial effects of magnesium supplementation. Acta Med Scand. 2000;247(1):78–86

Ceylad. Efficacy and Safety of Bone Marrow-derived Mesenchymal Cardiopoietic Cells (C3BS-CQR-1) for the Treatment of Chronic Advanced Ischemic Heart Failure. In: ClinicalTrials.gov [Internet]. Bethesda (MD): National Library of Medicine (US). Last updated 2015 May 18. Available from https://clinicaltrials.gov/ct2/show/study/NCT01768702. NLM Identifier: NCT01768702.

Chatterjee, S., Biondi-Zoccai, G., Abbate, A.,  Benefits of β blockers in patients with heart failure and reduced ejection fraction: network meta-analysis. BMJ. 2013;346:f55

Clair, C., Rigotti, N.A., Porneala, B., Fox, C.S., D'Agostino, R.B., Pencina, M.J., Meigs, J.B. Association of smoking cessation and weight change with cardiovascular disease among adults with and without diabetes. JAMA. 2013;309(10):1014-21

Comella K, Parcero J, Bansal H, Perez J, Lopez J, Agrawal A, Ichim T. Effects of the intramyocardial implantation of stromal vascular fraction in patients with chronic ischemic cardiomyopathy. J Transl Med.2016;14(1):158.

Comin-Colet J, Enjuanes C, Gonzalez G, Torrens A, Cladellas M, Merono O, . . . Bruguera J. Iron deficiency is a key determinant of health-related quality of life in patients with chronic heart failure regardless of anaemia status. European journal of heart failure. Jul 15 2013.

Conard, M.W., Haddock, C.K., Poston, W.S., Spertus, J.A., and the Cardiovascular Outcomes Research Consortium. The impact of smoking status on the health status of heart failure patients. Congest Heart Fail. 2009;15(2):82-6

Coons, J. C., McGraw, M., and Murali, S. Pharmacotherapy for acute heart failure syndromes. Am J Health Syst Pharm. 2011;68(1):21–35

Cutler, D.J., Isner, J.M., Bracey, A.W., Hufnagel, C.A., Conrad, P.W., Roberts, W.C., et al. Hemochromatosis heart disease: an unemphasized cause of potentially reversible restrictive cardiomyopathy. Am J Med. 1980;69(6):923-8

De Ferrari, G. M., Crijns, H. J. G. M., Borggrefe, M.,  Chronic vagus nerve stimulation: a new and promising therapeutic approach for chronic heart failure. European Heart Journal. 2011;32(7):847–55

de Miguel Diez J, Morgan JC, Garcia RJ. The association between COPD and heart failure risk: a review. International journal of chronic obstructive pulmonary disease. 2013;8:305-312.

Dennis, K.E., Froman, D., Morrison, A.S., Holmes, K.D., Howes, D.G. Beta-blocker therapy: identification and management of side effects. Heart Lung. 1991;20(5 Pt 1):459-63

Di Angelantonio, E., Chowdhury, R., Sarwar, N.,  B-type natriuretic peptides and cardiovascular risk: systematic review and meta-analysis of 40 prospective studies. Circulation. 2009;120(22):2177–87

Djousse L, Gaziano JM. Alcohol consumption and heart failure: a systematic review. Current atherosclerosis reports. Apr 2008;10(2):117-120.

Downing, J., and Balady, G. J. The role of exercise training in heart failure. J Am Coll Cardiol. 2011;58(6):561–9

Drager LF, Polotsky VY, et al. Obstructive Sleep Apnea: An Emerging Risk Factor for Atherosclerosis. Chest. 2011;140:534-42.

Dubrey, S.W., Bell, A., Mittal, T.K. Sarcoid heart disease. Postgrad Med J. 2007;83(984):618-23

Dunn, S. P., Bleske, B., Dorsch, M., Macaulay, T., Van Tassell, B., and Vardeny, O. Nutrition and heart failure: impact of drug therapies and management strategies. Nutrition in Clinical Practice. 2009;24(1):60–75

Dwivedi S. Terminalia arjuna Wight & Arn.--a useful drug for cardiovascular disorders. Journal of ethnopharmacology. Nov 1 2007;114(2):114-129.

Eisenberg, M. J., and Gioia, L. C. Angiotensin II receptor blockers in congestive heart failure. Cardiol Rev. 2006;14(1):26–34

Falk, R.H., Dubrey, S.W. Amyloid heart disease. Prog Cardiovasc Dis. 2010;52(4):347-61

Faloon W. Life Extension Magazine. How to Circumvent 17 Independent Heart Attack Risk Factors. May. 2009.

Faris, R. F., Flather, M., Purcell, H., Poole-Wilson, P. A., and Coats, A. J. S. Diuretics for heart failure. Cochrane Database Syst Rev. 2012;2:CD003838

Farroni, J.A. Pheochromocytoma presenting as heart failure. Prog Cardiovasc Nurs. 2005;20(3):117-9

Ferri FF. Ferri's Clinical Advisor. Heart Failure. Available at: www.clinicalkey.com. Accessed 8/8/2013. 2013.

Filippatos G, Farmakis D, Colet JC, Dickstein K, Luscher TF, Willenheimer R, . . . Anker SD. Intravenous ferric carboxymaltose in iron-deficient chronic heart failure patients with and without anaemia: a subanalysis of the FAIR-HF trial. European journal of heart failure. Jul 18 2013.

Fish KM, Hajjar RJ. Mesenchymal Stem Cells & Endothelial Function. EBioMedicine.May 2015;2(5):376-377.

Foley PM. Clinical Key. First Consult; Heart Failure. Available at: www.clinicalkey.com. Accessed 7/19/2013. 2012.

Folkers K, Langsjoen P, Willis R, Richardson P, Xia LJ, Ye CQ, Tamagawa H. Lovastatin decreases coenzyme Q levels in humans. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America. Nov 1990;87(22):8931-8934.

Fonarow, G. C., Stough, W. G., Abraham, W. T., et al. Characteristics, treatments, and outcomes of patients with preserved systolic function hospitalized for heart failure: a report from the OPTIMIZE-HF Registry. J Am Coll Cardiol. 2007;50(8):768–77

Fotino, A. D., Thompson-Paul, A. M., and Bazzano, L. A. Effect of coenzyme Q₁₀ supplementation on heart failure: a meta-analysis. American Journal of Clinical Nutrition. 2013;97(2):268–75

Frishman, W.H. Beta-adrenergic receptor blockers Adverse effects and drug interactions. Hypertension. 1988;11(3 Pt 2):II21-9

Fuentes JC, Salmon AA, Silver MA. Acute and chronic oral magnesium supplementation: effects on endothelial function, exercise capacity, and quality of life in patients with symptomatic heart failure. Congestive heart failure (Greenwich, Conn.). Jan-Feb 2006;12(1):9-13.

Furey, A., and Tassell, M. Towards a systematic scientific approach in the assessment of efficacy of an herbal preparation: Hawthorn (Crataegus spp.). European Journal of Heart Failure. 2008;10(12):1153–7.

Gao D, Ning N, Niu X, Hao G, Meng Z. Trimetazidine: a meta-analysis of randomised controlled trials in heart failure. Heart (British Cardiac Society). Feb 2011;97(4):278-286.

Garbern JC, Lee RT. Cardiac Stem Cell Therapy and the Promise of Heart Regeneration. Cell stem cell.2013;12(6):689-698.

Gauthaman K, Maulik M, Kumari R, Manchanda SC, Dinda AK, Maulik SK. Effect of chronic treatment with bark of Terminalia arjuna: a study on the isolated ischemic-reperfused rat heart. Journal of ethnopharmacology. May 2001;75(2-3):197-201.

Geleijnse, J. M., Giltay, E. J., Grobbee, D. E., Donders, A. R. T., and Kok, F. J. Blood pressure response to fish oil supplementation: metaregression analysis of randomized trials. J. Hypertens. 2002;20(8):1493–9

Gerbin KA, Murry CE. The winding road to regenerating the human heart. Cardiovascular pathology : the official journal of the Society for Cardiovascular Pathology.2015;24(3):133-140.

Giagulli VA, Guastamacchia E, De Pergola G, Iacoviello M, Triggiani V. Testosterone Deficiency in Male: A Risk Factor for Heart Failure. Endocrine, metabolic & immune disorders drug targets. Jan 15 2013.

Glickman-Simon, R., and Ehrlich, A. Leeches, creatine, xylitol, spinal manipulation, acupuncture. Explore (NY). 2012;8(3):206–9

Goldman, L. Schafer, A.L. Goldman's Cecil Medicine , Twenty-Fourth Edition. Heart Failure. Pathophysiology and Diagnosis. Available at: https://www.clinicalkey.com. Accessed 7/10/2013.

Gottlieb, D.J., Yenokyan, G., Newman, A.B., O'Connor, G.T., Punjabi, N.M., Quan, S.F., et al. Prospective study of obstructive sleep apnea and incident coronary heart disease and heart failure: the sleep heart health study. Circulation. 2010;122(4):352-60

Gujja P, Rosing DR, Tripodi DJ, Shizukuda Y. Iron overload cardiomyopathy: better understanding of an increasing disorder. Journal of the American College of Cardiology. Sep 21 2010;56(13):1001-1012.

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Hamilton DJ. Mechanisms of disease: is mitochondrial function altered in heart failure? Methodist DeBakey cardiovascular journal. Jan-Mar 2013;9(1):44-48.

Harinstein, M. E., Filippatos, G. S., and Gheorghiade, M. Acute heart failure syndromes: epidemiology, risk stratification and prognostic factors. Acute Card Care. 2009;11(2):77–82

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He, F. J., Burnier, M., and Macgregor, G. A. Nutrition in cardiovascular disease: salt in hypertension and heart failure. European Heart Journal. 2011;32(24):3073–80

He, J., Ogden, L. G., Bazzano, L. A., Vupputuri, S., Loria, C., and Whelton, P. K. Dietary sodium intake and incidence of congestive heart failure in overweight US men and women: first National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey Epidemiologic Follow-up Study. Arch Intern Med. 2002;162(14):1619–24

Heidenreich, P. A., Albert, N. M., Allen, L. A., et al. Forecasting the Impact of Heart Failure in the United States: A Policy Statement From the American Heart Association. Circ Heart Fail. 2013; 6(3):606-19.

Heist, E. K., and Ruskin, J. N. Atrial fibrillation and congestive heart failure: risk factors, mechanisms, and treatment. Prog Cardiovasc Dis. 2006;48(4):256–69

Heran, B. S., Musini, V. M., Bassett, K., Taylor, R. S., and Wright, J. M. Angiotensin receptor blockers for heart failure. Cochrane Database Syst Rev. 2012;4:CD003040

Hiramitsu, S., Miyagishima, K., Kimura, H.,  Management of severe heart failure. Circ. J. 2009;73 Suppl A:A36–41

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Hori, M. Tolvaptan for heart failure patients with volume overload. Cardiovasc Drug Ther. 2011;25 Suppl 1:S1–4

Horjus, D. L., Oudman, I., van Montfrans, G. A., and Brewster, L. M. Creatine and creatine analogues in hypertension and cardiovascular disease. Cochrane Database Syst Rev. 2011;(11):CD005184

Hunt, S. A., Abraham, W. T., Chin, M. H., 2009 Focused update incorporated into the ACC/AHA 2005 Guidelines for the Diagnosis and Management of Heart Failure in Adults A Report of the American College of Cardiology Foundation/American Heart Association Task Force on Practice Guidelines Developed in Collaboration With the International Society for Heart and Lung Transplantation. J Am Coll Cardiol. 2009;53(15):e1–e90

Hunt, S. A., Abraham, W. T., Chin, M. H., ACC/AHA 2005 Guideline Update for the Diagnosis and Management of Chronic Heart Failure in the Adult: a report of the American College of Cardiology/American Heart Association Task Force on Practice Guidelines (Writing Committee to Update the 2001 Guidelines for the Evaluation and Management of Heart Failure): developed in collaboration with the American College of Chest Physicians and the International Society for Heart and Lung Transplantation: endorsed by the Heart Rhythm Society. Circulation. 2005;112(12):e154–235

Iellamo, F., Volterrani, M., Caminiti, G., et al. Testosterone therapy in women with chronic heart failure: a pilot double-blind, randomized, placebo-controlled study. J Am Coll Cardiol. 2010;56(16):1310–6

Ingwall JS. Energy metabolism in heart failure and remodelling. Cardiovascular research. Feb 15 2009;81(3):412-419.

Iwanaga Y, Miyazaki S. Heart failure, chronic kidney disease, and biomarkers--an integrated viewpoint. Circulation journal : official journal of the Japanese Circulation Society. Jul 2010;74(7):1274-1282.

Jankowska EA, Rozentryt P, Witkowska A, Nowak J, Hartmann O, Ponikowska B, . . . Ponikowski P. Iron deficiency: an ominous sign in patients with systolic chronic heart failure. European heart journal. Aug 2010;31(15):1872-1880.

Jankowska, E. A., Biel, B., Majda, J., et al. Anabolic deficiency in men with chronic heart failure: prevalence and detrimental impact on survival. Circulation. 2006;114(17):1829–37

Jankowska, E. A., Filippatos, G., Ponikowska, B., et al. Reduction in circulating testosterone relates to exercise capacity in men with chronic heart failure. J. Card. Fail. 2009;15(5):442–50

Jessup, M., Abraham, W. T., Casey, D. E.,  2009 focused update: ACCF/AHA Guidelines for the Diagnosis and Management of Heart Failure in Adults: a report of the American College of Cardiology Foundation/American Heart Association Task Force on Practice Guidelines: developed in collaboration with the International Society for Heart and Lung Transplantation. Circulation. 2009;119(14):1977–2016

Jessup, M., and Brozena, S. Heart failure. N Engl J Med. 2003;348(20):2007–18

Kalicinska E, Wojtas K, Majda J, Doehner W, Haehling SV, Banasiak W, . . . Jankowska EA. Anabolic deficiencies in men with systolic heart failure: do co-morbidities and therapies really contribute significantly? The aging male : the official journal of the International Society for the Study of the Aging Male. Jun 26 2013.

Kanamori, H., Takemura, G., Goto, K., Tsujimoto, A., Ogino, A., Takeyama, T., et al. Resveratrol reverses remodeling in hearts with large, old myocardial infarctions through enhanced autophagy-activating AMP kinase pathway. Am J Pathol. 2013;182(3):701-13

Kannel, W.B. Incidence and epidemiology of heart failure. Heart Fail Rev. 2000;5(2):167-73

Kapoor M, Schleinitz MD, Gemignani A, Wu WC. Outcomes of patients with chronic heart failure and iron deficiency treated with intravenous iron: a meta-analysis. Cardiovascular & hematological disorders drug targets. Mar 1 2013;13(1):35-44.

Karppi J, Kurl S, Makikallio TH, Ronkainen K, Laukkanen JA. Serum beta-carotene concentrations and the risk of congestive heart failure in men: A population-based study. International journal of cardiology. Jan 17 2013.

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Kasai T. Sleep apnea and heart failure. Journal of cardiology. Aug 2012;60(2):78-85.

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Khanabdali R, Rosdah AA, Dusting GJ, Lim SY. Harnessing the secretome of cardiac stem cells as therapy for ischemic heart disease. Biochemical pharmacology.Aug 1 2016;113:1-11.

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