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Data on Geriatrics and Gerontology Reported by Researchers at University College London School of Medicine (Physical frailty in older men: prospective associations with diet quality and patterns)

Health & Medicine Week

04-26-19

By a News Reporter-Staff News Editor at Health & Medicine Week -- New research on Aging Research - Geriatrics and Gerontology is the subject of a report. According to news reporting originating in London, United Kingdom, by NewsRx journalists, research stated, "Increasing numbers of older adults are living with frailty and its adverse consequences. We investigated relationships between diet quality or patterns and incident physical frailty in older British men and whether any associations were influenced by inflammation."

Funders for this research include Dunhill Medical Trust, British Heart Foundation (see also Aging Research - Geriatrics and Gerontology).

The news reporters obtained a quote from the research from the University College London School of Medicine, "prospective study of 945 men from the British Regional Heart Study aged 70-92 years with no prevalent frailty. Incident frailty was assessed by questionnaire after 3 years of follow-up. Frailty was defined as having at least three of: low grip strength, low physical activity, slow walking speed, unintentional weight loss and feeling of low energy, all based on self-report. The Healthy Diet Indicator (HDI) based on WHO dietary guidelines and the Elderly Dietary Index (EDI) based on a Mediterranean-style dietary intake were computed from questionnaire data and three dietary patterns were identified using principal components analysis: prudent, high fat/low fibre and high sugar. men in the highest EDI category and those who followed a prudent diet were less likely to become frail [top vs bottom category odds ratio (OR) (95% CI) 0.49 (0.30, 0.82) and 0.53 (0.30, 0.92) respectively] after adjustment for potential confounders including BMI and prevalent cardiovascular disease. No significant association was seen for the HDI. By contrast those who had a high fat low fibre diet pattern were more likely to become frail [OR (95% CI) 2.54 (1.46, 4.40)]. These associations were not mediated by C-reactive protein (marker of inflammation)."

According to the news reporters, the research concluded: "The findings suggest adherence to a Mediterranean-style diet is associated with reduced risk of developing frailty in older people."

For more information on this research see: Physical frailty in older men: prospective associations with diet quality and patterns. Age and Ageing, 2019;():. (Oxford University Press - www.oup.com/; Age and Ageing - ageing.oxfordjournals.org)

Our news correspondents report that additional information may be obtained by contacting T.J. Parsons, UCL Dept. of Primary Care & Population Health, UCL Medical School, Rowland Hill Street, London, UK. Additional authors for this research include E. Papachristou, J.L. Atkins, O. Papacosta, S. Ash, L.T. Lennon, P.H. Whincup, S.E. Ramsay and S.G Wannamethee.

The direct object identifier (DOI) for that additional information is: https://doi.org/10.1093/ageing/afy216. This DOI is a link to an online electronic document that is either free or for purchase, and can be your direct source for a journal article and its citation.

(Our reports deliver fact-based news of research and discoveries from around the world.)

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