Signs and Symptoms
People with tooth decay often do not experience symptoms at first, but as the decay deepens and a cavity forms, they may experience hot and cold sensitivity and tooth pain. Left untreated, a pocket of infection known as an abscess may form, resulting in tooth loss (Mayo Clinic 2014a).
Periodontal disease typically causes minimal symptoms at first. As the condition progresses, signs and symptoms such as gum redness, swelling, sensitivity, and bleeding during brushing and flossing become more likely. A dental practitioner may see gum recession, deepening pockets between teeth and gums, and bleeding on probing during an exam. Halitosis, or bad breath, may be noted. Left untreated, gingival deterioration can progress, and affected teeth can become loose and shift position or be lost (Gurav 2012; Mayo Clinic 2014b; Kawar 2011; UMMC 2013).