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Ribogen, NAD+, B Vitamins, and Senolytics

February 2019

Ribogen

Robuvit® (Quercus robur extract) supplementation in subjects with chronic fatigue syndrome and increased oxidative stress. A pilot registry study.

AIM: The aim of this registry study was to evaluate the effects of supplementation with Robuvit® (French Quercus robur extract) capsules in subjects with Chronic Fatigue Syndrome (CFS) associated with an increased oxidative stress. Robuvit is a wood extract from Quercus robur (Horphag Research) used to improve liver dysfunction and chronic fatigue. After excluding any disease, subjects observed a defined management plan to improve CFS. Signs/symptoms had been present for more than 6 months in association with an increase in oxidative stress (measured as plasma free radicals). Blood tests were within normal values. METHODS: The registry study included 38 CFS subjects and 42 comparable controls. There were no dropouts in the 4 weeks of follow-up; the subjects were evaluated for a further period of 6 months. The management plan included: improved/increased sleep; reduction/abolition in smoking and alcohol or any other agent that may have affected them; control of diet, increase in dietary proteins; good hydration; rest (1/2-1 h/day) and exercise (at least 30 min/day); planned relaxation time; increased time in open spaces. In the Robuvit® supplementation group 300 mg/day of Robuvit® was used. RESULTS: Symptoms improved in both groups with a significantly more important improvement in the supplement group (P<0.05). The single items in the Multidimensional Assessment of Fatigue (MAF) questionnaire were statistically better improved (P<0.05) in the supplement group. A parallel improvement in oxidative stress was observed in the supplemented subjects. In the follow up, at 6 months no organic disease was discovered or disease markers found. CONCLUSION: This preliminary registry indicates that supplementation with Robuvit® improves CFS in otherwise healthy subjects with no presence of clinical disease or risk conditions. The effects of Robuvit® in CFS may be partially mediated by a clear reduction of plasma free radicals and oxidative stress.

J Neurosurg Sci. 2015 Jun;59(2):10517.

Robuvit® (French oak wood extract) in the management of functional, temporary hepatic damage. A registry, pilot study.

AIM: The aim of this registry study was to evaluate the evolution of moderate functional hepatic failure (MTHF) using a proprietary new oak wood supplement (Robuvit®) extracted from Quercus Robur. Recent studies have indicated the protective effect of oak wood extracts on liver injury. Quercus wood extracts have shown hepatoprotective effect on initial induced liver-injury. METHODS: This registry included a total of 75 patients with MTHF characterized by: decreased albumin levels; increased total bilirubin, altered hepatic functions enzymes, increased oxidative stress, negative viral hepatitis markers. RESULTS: The two groups (best management in comparison with best management+ Robuvit®) were comparable: 32 Robuvit® patients and 29 comparable controls) completed the 12-week registry. At inclusion, the blood parameter values in the two groups were comparable. At the end of the supplementation period, the increase in albumin levels was significantly (P<0.05 at 12 weeks) faster and higher in the Robuvit® group. The decrease in ALT-SGPT and AST-ASAT was significant in the supplement group (P<0.05 at 4 and 12 weeks); the tests were normalized at 4 and 12 weeks. Controls remained out of the normal range for more than 12 weeks. Alkaline phosphatase was normalized at 4 and 12 weeks in Robuvit® patients; they were decreased, but not normalized in controls at 4 weeks (Robuvit® group’s values were significantly better; P<0.05). Values were normalized in controls (significantly higher in comparison with Robuvit®; P<0.05) at 12 weeks. Total bilirubin was normalized in Robuvit® subjects at 4 and 12 weeks. Results were significantly better in comparison with controls (P<0.05). Direct bilirubin values increased more in the Robuvit® group at 4 and 12 weeks (P<0.05). Gamma GT values were normalized at 4 and 12 weeks in the Robuvit® group. There was a less important decrease in controls (P<0.05) without normalization at 12 weeks. Plasma free radicals increased at inclusion showed a significant decrease in Robuvit® subject (at 4 and 12 weeks) with normalization at 12 weeks. Persisting, elevated values in controls were observed even at 12 weeks (P<0.05). ESR and CRP decreased in both groups with a more important decrease in the Robuvit® group (P<0.05). Hepatitis markers were negative when repeated at 4 and 12 weeks. CONCLUSION: Data from this pilot, supplement registry study indicate a significant protective activity of Robuvit®, associated with a very good safety profile, in patients with temporary hepatic failure. The activity of Robuvit® seems to be mediated by its anti-inflammatory activity.

Minerva Med. 2014 Feb;105(1):41-50.

Improved management of primary chronic fatigue syndrome with the supplement French oak wood extract (Robuvit®): a pilot, registry evaluation.

AIM: The aim of this supplement study was to evaluate French oak wood extract (Robuvit®, Horphag Research Ltd) used as a supplement in association with a defined management plan for chronic fatigue syndrome (CFS) in healthy subjects with CFS, a condition that has, so far, no specific treatment or management standards. METHODS: Robuvit® is a new proprietary and exclusive extract of oak wood with important antoxidant actions. The dosage of the supplementation was 200 mg/day for at least 6 months. The CFS questionnaire and the Brief Mood Introspection Scale (BMIS) questionnaire were used to evaluate mood variations associated with CFS patients. The CFS form includes an analogue scale to record the variations of single symptoms with a score range of 0-10. At inclusion into the registry study, at least 5 symptoms were present. All subjects (age range 35-44; BMI range 24-26) with CFS were tested for oxidative stress: 61 out of 91 subjects had an increased value of oxidative stress. The BMIS scale evaluating mood changes in time was also used. The evaluation was repeated at 3 and 6 months. RESULTS: Out of 91 eligible subjects with CFS, 48 subjects (31 with increased oxidative stress) were accepted as part of the supplement registry study using Robuvit; 43 (30 with increased oxidative stress) were accepted as controls using only the management plan. In the Robuvit® group there were 3 drop outs; also 3 controls were lost. Oxidative stress was increased in 64.58% of subjects that used Robuvit and in 69.7% of controls. The average values of oxidative stress were expressed for the whole group. The average follow up was 199.3;9.2 days in the Robuvit group and 202.2;5.5 in the control group with a minimum of 6 months. Considering variations in oxidative stress, there was no significant average change in controls, but a significant decrease from the initial values was observed in Robuvit subjects after 3 and 6 months. The CFS questionnaire variations in score indicated that there was a significant improvement for most symptoms after 3 and 6 months in the Robuvit group. Positive variations were also present in controls, indicating the positive effect of an increased attention to CFS. The improvement in signs/symptoms was significantly more valuable in subjects using the oak wood extract considering the main 8 symptoms and the accessory symptoms. Considering the BMIS variations, the totals for positive and negative items were significantly more favourable for Robuvit subjects. Overall mood evaluation in the oak wood extract group improved from an inclusion average of -6.93;2.1 to +4.32;2.6 at 6 months; in contrast it changed from -6.5;2.5 to -3.4;1.5 in controls. No side effects were observed during the supplementation with Robuvit. The compliance was optimal with 93% of the capsules correctly used. CONCLUSION: This promising pilot supplement registry study indicates a new opportunity of management for these difficult and often neglected patients. Correlation between oxidative stress and CFS have to be better explored.

Panminerva Med. 2014 Mar;56(1):63-72.

Robuvit®: improvement of fatigue in medical convalescence.

BACKGROUND: The aim of this registry study was the evaluation of symptoms of fatigue following supplementation with an oak wood extract (Robuvit®) after disappearance of acute symptoms. Robuvit®, with established antioxidant-antifatigue activity, has been successfully used in hepatic failure and in chronic fatigue syndrome: these conditions are characterized by weakness and fatigue and are broadly comparable to convalescence that is associated to increased oxidative stress. METHODS: The registry study lasted 3 weeks. After a period (7-10 days) of flu, during the post-disease period (3 days without disease) subjects were included into the study. One group of subjects was supplemented with Robuvit® (300 mg/day) in addition to a standard management (SM) plan, another group of patients was treated with the standard management only. RESULTS: The SM and the supplement group were comparable in all convalescence parameters at inclusion. Weakness and heart rate were significantly reduced with Robuvit® in comparison with the controls (P<0.05) at 10 days and at 3 weeks; Attention and sleep patterns improved significantly at 3 weeks with Robuvit® (P<0.05) in comparison to controls. Recovery after efforts was normalized at 10 days in the supplement group, significantly better versus controls (P<0.05). O2 saturation increased significantly with Robuvit® at 10 days in comparison to controls (P<0.05). The alterations in working/concentration capacity were better improved with the supplement (P<0.05). Oxidative stress was significantly decreased (P<0.05) in comparison to controls. The improvement of health according to the Karrnofsky Scale was significantly more pronounced in the Robuvit® group (P<0.05). The supplement was well tolerated. CONCLUSIONS: The causative relations between Robuvit® supplementation, oxidative stress, vigor and fatigue in convalescence need more specific evaluations in a larger number of subjects. This preliminary study may indicate a possible supplementation in convalescence.

J Sports Med Phys Fitness. 2018 May;58(5): 678-683.

Baloxavir heralds a new era in influenza virus biology.

Baloxavir marboxil is an orally available prodrug of baloxavir acid. Japan was the first country to approve baloxavir marboxil as a treatment for influenza. The antiviral mechanism of action of baloxavir is unique; the drug blocks initiation of viral mRNA synthesis, thus preventing proliferation of the influenza virus. A single oral dose of baloxavir is usually well tolerated; it hastens alleviation of influenza symptoms and shortens the duration of viral shedding. However, novel influenza variants exhibiting over 10-fold reductions in baloxavir susceptibility emerged in baloxavir-treated patients. Although further clinical investigation is required to explore this issue, baloxavir may revolutionize our understanding of influenza virus biology.

Respir Investig. 2018 Nov 2. pii: S2212-5345(18)30189-8.

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