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Healthy diet and fiber intake associated with decreased risk of symptomatic peripheral artery disease

Disease Prevention Daily

2020 JAN 23 (NewsRx) -- By a News Reporter-Staff News Editor at Disease Prevention Daily -- Current study results on Angiology - Vascular Research have been published. According to news reporting originating in Malmo, Sweden, by NewsRx journalists, research stated, “Peripheral artery disease (PAD) is caused by atherosclerosis and associated with an increased risk of leg amputation, cardiovascular disease, and death. A healthy diet has been shown to reduce the risk of cardiovascular events, but relationships between diet, fiber intake, and incidence of PAD are virtually unknown.”

The news reporters obtained a quote from the research from Lund University, “The aim was to investigate the long-term impact of diet on the development of PAD among 26,010 middle-aged individuals in the prospective Malmo Diet and Cancer study (MDCS). Data on dietary intake were collected through a 7-day food diary combined with a food questionnaire and a 1-hour interview. Adherence to a recommended intake of six dietary components - saturated fat, polyunsaturated fat, fish and shellfish, fiber, fruit and vegetables, and sucrose - was scored (sum 0-6 points) to assess a diet quality index, adjusting for potential confounders. Cox regression analysis was used to estimate associations between diet variables and PAD incidence expressed in hazard ratios (HR) with 95% CI. During a median follow-up of 21.7 years, 1122 participants developed PAD. Diet score was associated with a reduced risk of PAD in multivariable analysis (p = 0.03). When mutually adjusting for all dietary variables, only adherence to recommended levels of fiber intake was associated with a reduced risk of incident PAD (HR 0.84; 95% CI 0.72-0.99). In this prospective, population-based study including 26,010 participants with over 20 years of follow-up, a healthy diet, especially a high intake of fiber, was associated with a reduced risk of PAD.”

According to the news reporters, the research concluded: “Primary prevention programs directed against PAD should therefore include a fiber recommendation.”

For more information on this research see: Healthy diet and fiber intake are associated with decreased risk of incident symptomatic peripheral artery disease - A prospective cohort study. Vascular Medicine, 2019;24(6):511-518. Vascular Medicine can be contacted at: Sage Publications Ltd, 1 Olivers Yard, 55 City Road, London EC1Y 1SP, England. (Sage Publications - http://www.sagepub.com/; Vascular Medicine - vmj.sagepub.com)

Our news correspondents report that additional information may be obtained by contacting S. Acosta, Lund University, Dept. of Clinical Sciences, Jan Waldenstromsg 35, S-21421 Malmo, Sweden. Additional authors for this research include A. Kulezic, S. Bergwall, S. Fatemi, E. Sonestedt, M. Zarrouk and A. Gottsater.

The direct object identifier (DOI) for that additional information is: https://doi.org/10.1177/1358863x19867393. This DOI is a link to an online electronic document that is either free or for purchase, and can be your direct source for a journal article and its citation.

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