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Implications of cigarette smoking on early onset androgenetic alopecia

Disease Prevention Daily

2020 SEP 25 (NewsRx) -- By a News Reporter-Staff News Editor at Disease Prevention Daily -- Research findings on Skin Diseases and Conditions - Alopecia are discussed in a new report. According to news reporting originating in Cairo, Egypt, by NewsRx journalists, research stated, “Androgenetic alopecia (AGA) is a condition affecting both males and females. We aimed to asses the demographic and clinical features of early-onset AGA among smokers and non smokers and to evaluate if prevalence of AGA was affected by smoking.”

The news reporters obtained a quote from the research from AL Azhar University, “One thousand (1000) healthy males aged between 20-35 years not complaining of any local scalp condition and free of any mental illness were recruited for this study and divided into two groups of 500 each based on their smoking attitudes. Androgentic alopecia was classified according to the Hamilton baldness scale, and trichoscopy was used to confirm the diagnosis of AGA. A designed questionnaire to determine basic physical and smoking habits completed and results were interpreted and analysed. The majority of smokers (425) had a form of AGA, while only (200) non smokers had a degree of AGA (p <0.01). Of the smokers group 235(47%) had grade III AGA and 120 subjects (24%) had grade IV AGA. In the non-smokers group 100 subjects (20%) had grade II AGA and 50 subjects (10%) had either grade III or IV AGA. The prevalence of AGA among smokers was statistically higher than among non smokers while severity of AGA was not associated to the intensity of smoking.”

According to the news reporters, the research concluded: “Nicotine and its derivative cotinine might be resposnsible for accelarting AGA progress pending further validation.”

For more information on this research see: Implications of Cigarette Smoking on Early Onset Androgenetic Alopecia: A Cross Sectional Study. Journal of Cosmetic Dermatology, 2020;():. Journal of Cosmetic Dermatology can be contacted at: Blackwell Publishing Inc, 350 Main St, Malden, MA 02148, USA. (Wiley-Blackwell - http://www.wiley.com/; Journal of Cosmetic Dermatology - http://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/journal/10.1111/(ISSN)1473-2165)

Our news correspondents report that additional information may be obtained by contacting Hany S. Ibrahim, Dept. of Dermatology, AL Azhar University, Cairo, Egypt. Additional authors for this research include Ahmed S. Salem, Heba H. Abdelaziz and Mohamed L. Elsaie.

The publisher of the Journal of Cosmetic Dermatology can be contacted at: Blackwell Publishing Inc, 350 Main St, Malden, MA 02148, USA.

(Our reports deliver fact-based news of research and discoveries from around the world.)