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Poor bone health after fifth decade in rural ambulatory South Indian postmenopausal women assocated with low calcium and vitamin D

NewsRx Women’s Health Daily

2019 OCT 29 (NewsRx) -- By a News Reporter-Staff News Editor at NewsRx Women’s Health Daily -- New research on Musculoskeletal Diseases and Conditions - Osteoporosis is the subject of a report. According to news reporting originating from Tamil Nadu, India, by NewsRx correspondents, research stated, “The incidence of postmenopausal osteoporosis continues to rise, as population ages. The morbidity and mortality associated with osteoporotic fractures have a significant negative impact on the economy and quality of life of the affected individual and the community, at large.”

Our news editors obtained a quote from the research from Christian Medical College and Hospital, “We aimed to study the prevalence of osteoporosis in ambulant rural postmenopausal women, and to look at their dietary calcium intake (DCI) and Vitamin D status. This was a cross-sectional study conducted in 1565 ambulant South Indian rural postmenopausal women. Bone mineral density was estimated by a dual-energy X-ray absorptiometry scan at the femoral neck (FN) and lumbar spine (LS). DCI was calculated by recall for the previous week, and the blood bone biochemical profile was measured. The mean standard deviation (SD) age and body mass index of this population were 60.7 (7.2) years and 26.2 (4.8) kg/m, respectively. The prevalence of osteoporosis was 22% at the FN and 39% at the LS. An increase in the prevalence of osteoporosis was noted at both sites, in successive age categories. Mean (SD) DCI was 420 (282) mg/24 h. Fifty-four percent had Vitamin D deficiency (VDD) (<20 ng/ml) and 6% had severe VDD (<10 ng/ml). A significant proportion of this large cohort of south Indian healthy rural postmenopausal women had osteoporosis at either site with advancing age.”

According to the news editors, the research concluded: “Most of them had a suboptimal DCI, and over half of them had VDD.”

For more information on this research see: Bone Health after Fifth Decade in Rural Ambulatory South Indian Postmenopausal Women. Indian Journal of Community Medicine, 2019;44(3):205.

The news editors report that additional information may be obtained by contacting A.J. Binu, Dept. of Internal Medicine, Christian Medical College and Hospital, Vellore, Tamil Nadu, India. Additional authors for this research include K.E. Cherian, N. Kapoor, F.K. Jebasingh, H.S. Asha and T.V Paul.

The direct object identifier (DOI) for that additional information is: https://doi.org/10.4103/ijcm.ijcm_161_18. This DOI is a link to an online electronic document that is either free or for purchase, and can be your direct source for a journal article and its citation.

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