A diagnosis of clinical depression requires that the patient experience at least five of the nine symptoms below, as described by the DSM, for most of the day, nearly every day, for at least two weeks. One of the symptoms must be either a constant feeling of sadness, anxiety, and emptiness, or loss of interest in formerly pleasurable activities.
If any of these symptoms affects your relationships and your ability to function at home or work, consult with a health care practitioner qualified to assess and treat depression.
- Constant or transient feelings of sadness, anxiety, and emptiness
- Feeling restless; may experience irritability
- Feeling hopeless
- Feeling worthless or guilty for no reason; suicidal thoughts may occur
- Loss of interest in activities or hobbies once enjoyed; may lose interest in sex
- Disturbed sleep patterns; may sleep too little or too much
- Low energy; fatigue
- Significant weight loss or gain due to a change in eating habits; either loss of appetite or eating too much
- Difficulty concentrating, remembering details, or making decisions