Free Shipping on All Orders $75 Or More!

Your Trusted Brand for Over 35 Years

Health Protocols

Skin Disorders


AAD. American Academy of Dermatology. Hidradenitis Suppurativa: Who Gets and Causes Copyright 2017. Accessed 09/25/2017.

AAFP. Information from your family doctor. Pityriasis rosea. American family physician. Jan 01 2004;69(1):94.

Aala F, Yusuf UK, Nulit R, Rezaie S. Inhibitory effect of allicin and garlic extracts on growth of cultured hyphae. Iranian journal of basic medical sciences. Mar 2014;17(3):150-154.

Aaron DM. Merck Manual. Professional Version: Candidasis (Mucocutaneous). Available at Last updated 11/2015. Accessed 02/19/2017.

Abdollahi E, Momtazi AA, Johnston TP, Sahebkar A. Therapeutic Effects of Curcumin in Inflammatory and Immune-Mediated Diseases: A Nature-Made Jack-of-All-Trades? J Cell Physiol. Jan 06 2017.

Abeck D, Traenckner I, Steinkraus V, Vieluf D, Ring J. Chronic urticaria due to nickel intake. Acta dermato-venereologica. Dec 1993;73(6):438-439.

Aktas H, Ergin C, Demir B, Ekiz O. Intralesional Vitamin D Injection May Be an Effective Treatment Option for Warts. Journal of cutaneous medicine and surgery. Mar-Apr 2016;20(2):118-122.

Al-Gurairi FT, Al-Waiz M, Sharquie KE. Oral zinc sulphate in the treatment of recalcitrant viral warts: randomized placebo-controlled clinical trial. Br J Dermatol. Mar 2002;146(3):423-431.

Al-Waili NS. Therapeutic and prophylactic effects of crude honey on chronic seborrheic dermatitis and dandruff. European journal of medical research. Jul 30 2001;6(7):306-308.

Al-Waili NS, Salom K, Butler G, Al Ghamdi AA. Honey and microbial infections: a review supporting the use of honey for microbial control. Journal of medicinal food. Oct 2011;14(10):1079-1096.

Aldahan AS, Mlacker S, Shah VV, Kamath P, Alsaidan M, Samarkandy S, Nouri K. Efficacy of intralesional immunotherapy for the treatment of warts: A review of the literature. Dermatologic therapy. May 2016;29(3):197-207.

Alexander JW, Supp DM. Role of Arginine and Omega-3 Fatty Acids in Wound Healing and Infection. Advances in wound care. Nov 01 2014;3(11):682-690.

Alexis AF. Lasers and light-based therapies in ethnic skin: treatment options and recommendations for Fitzpatrick skin types V and VI. Br J Dermatol. Oct 2013;169 Suppl 3:91-97.

Ali S, Wahbi W. The efficacy of aloe vera in management of oral lichen planus: a systematic review and meta-analysis. Oral diseases. Dec 28 2016.

Amatya A, Rajouria EA, Karn DK. Comparative study of effectiveness of oral acyclovir with oral erythromycin in the treatment of Pityriasis rosea. Kathmandu Univ Med J (KUMJ). Jan-Mar 2012;10(37):57-61.

Anderson K, Hamm RL. Factors That Impair Wound Healing. The journal of the American College of Clinical Wound Specialists. Dec 2012;4(4):84-91.

Anonymous. VITAMIN B6 and seborrheic dermatitis in man. Nutrition reviews. 1952;10(11):323-325.

Ansari MA, Khan HM, Khan AA, Sultan A, Azam A. Characterization of clinical strains of MSSA, MRSA and MRSE isolated from skin and soft tissue infections and the antibacterial activity of ZnO nanoparticles. World journal of microbiology & biotechnology. Apr 2012;28(4):1605-1613.

Antico A, Soana R. Chronic allergic-like dermatopathies in nickel-sensitive patients. Results of dietary restrictions and challenge with nickel salts. Allergy and asthma proceedings : the official journal of regional and state allergy societies. Jul-Aug 1999;20(4):235-242.

Antiga E, Caproni M. The diagnosis and treatment of dermatitis herpetiformis. Clin Cosmet Investig Dermatol. 2015;8:257-265.

Arif T. Salicylic acid as a peeling agent: a comprehensive review. Clin Cosmet Investig Dermatol. 2015;8:455-461.

Arndt KA, Paul BS, Stern RS, Parrish JA. Treatment of pityriasis rosea with UV radiation. Arch Dermatol. May 1983;119(5):381-382.

Asagami C, Muto M, Hirota T, Shimizu T, Hamamoto Y. Anti-tumor effects of 1,25-dihydroxyvitamin D3 (1,25(OH)2D3) in seborrheic keratosis. J Investig Dermatol Symp Proc. Apr 1996;1(1):94-96.

Ashton RL, Leppard B, Copper H. Introduction to Dermatological Diagnosis. In: Differential Diagnosis in Dermatology (4th ed.) (pp.1-22). Boca Raton, FL: CRC Press. Copyright 2014. Accessed 01/27/2017.

Auriemma M, Di Nicola M, Gonzalez S, Piaserico S, Capo A, Amerio P. Polypodium leucotomos supplementation in the treatment of scalp actinic keratosis: could it improve the efficacy of photodynamic therapy? Dermatologic surgery : official publication for American Society for Dermatologic Surgery [et al.]. Aug 2015;41(8):898-902.

Awadalla F, Rosenbaum DA, Camacho F, Fleischer AB, Jr., Feldman SR. Dermatologic disease in family medicine. Family medicine. Jul-Aug 2008;40(7):507-511.

Bader MS. Herpes zoster: diagnostic, therapeutic, and preventive approaches. Postgrad Med. Sep 2013;125(5):78-91.

Badour LM. UpToDate: Cellulitis and Erysipelas. Last updated 01/12/2017. Accessed 01/31/2017.

Bae YS, Hill ND, Bibi Y, Dreiher J, Cohen AD. Innovative uses for zinc in dermatology. Dermatologic clinics. Jul 2010;28(3):587-597.

Baer RL. Poison ivy dermatitis. Cutis. Jun 1986;37(6):434-436.

Bailey MT. Psychological Stress, Immunity, and the Effects on Indigenous Microflora. Advances in experimental medicine and biology. 2016;874:225-246.

Baltazar LM, Krausz AE, Souza AC, Adler BL, Landriscina A, Musaev T, . . . Friedman AJ. Trichophyton rubrum is inhibited by free and nanoparticle encapsulated curcumin by induction of nitrosative stress after photodynamic activation. PloS one. 2015;10(3):e0120179.

Baltazar LM, Ray A, Santos DA, Cisalpino PS, Friedman AJ, Nosanchuk JD. Antimicrobial photodynamic therapy: an effective alternative approach to control fungal infections. Front Microbiol. 2015;6:202.

Bangert S, Levy M, Hebert AA. Bacterial resistance and impetigo treatment trends: a review. Pediatric dermatology. May-Jun 2012;29(3):243-248.

Baptista EB, Zimmermann-Franco DC, Lataliza AA, Raposo NR. Chemical composition and antifungal activity of essential oil from Eucalyptus smithii against dermatophytes. Revista da Sociedade Brasileira de Medicina Tropical. Nov-Dec 2015;48(6):746-752.

Barbato MT, Criado PR, Silva AK, Averbeck E, Guerine MB, Sa NB. Association of acanthosis nigricans and skin tags with insulin resistance. Anais brasileiros de dermatologia. Jan-Feb 2012;87(1):97-104.

Barnard E, Li H. Shaping of cutaneous function by encounters with commensals. The Journal of physiology. Jan 15 2017;595(2):437-450.

Barnes TM, Greive KA. Topical pine tar: History, properties and use as a treatment for common skin conditions. The Australasian journal of dermatology. Jan 20 2016.

Basketter DA, White IR, Kullavanijaya P, Tresukosol P, Wichaidit M, McFadden JP. Influence of vitamin C on the elicitation of allergic contact dermatitis to p-phenylenediamine. Contact dermatitis. Jun 2016;74(6):368-372.

Belcaro G, Luzzi R, Hu S, Cesarone MR, Dugall M, Ippolito E, . . . Caporale S. Improvement in signs and symptoms in psoriasis patients with Pycnogenol(R) supplementation. Panminerva medica. Mar 2014;56(1):41-48.

Berger TG, Steinhoff M. Pruritus in Elderly Patients-Eruptions of Senescence. SEMINARS IN CUTANEOUS MEDICINE AND SURGERY. 2011;30(2):113-117.

Bhardwaj N, Katyal P, Sharma AK. Suppression of inflammatory and allergic responses by pharmacologically potent fungus Ganoderma lucidum. Recent patents on inflammation & allergy drug discovery. 2014;8(2):104-117.

Biedermann T, Skabytska Y, Kaesler S, Volz T. Regulation of T Cell Immunity in Atopic Dermatitis by Microbes: The Yin and Yang of Cutaneous Inflammation. Front Immunol. 2015;6:353.

Bjorneboe A, Soyland E, Bjorneboe GE, Rajka G, Drevon CA. Effect of dietary supplementation with eicosapentaenoic acid in the treatment of atopic dermatitis. Br J Dermatol. Oct 1987;117(4):463-469.

Blakely K, Gooderham M, Papp K. Dupilumab, A Monoclonal Antibody for Atopic Dermatitis: A Review of Current Literature. Skin Therapy Lett. Mar 2016;21(2):1-5.

Blok JL, van Hattem S, Jonkman MF, Horvath B. Systemic therapy with immunosuppressive agents and retinoids in hidradenitis suppurativa: a systematic review. Br J Dermatol. Feb 2013;168(2):243-252.

Blomberg M, Dehlendorff C, Sand C, Kjaer SK. Dose-Related Differences in Effectiveness of Human Papillomavirus Vaccination Against Genital Warts: A Nationwide Study of 550,000 Young Girls. Clin Infect Dis. Sep 01 2015;61(5):676-682.

Bodman MA, Krishnamurthy K. Onychomycosis. StatPearls. Treasure Island (FL): StatPearls Publishing LLC.; 2017.

Boehncke WH, Boehncke S, Buerger C. [Beyond immunopathogenesis. Insulin resistance and "epidermal dysfunction"]. Der Hautarzt; Zeitschrift fur Dermatologie, Venerologie, und verwandte Gebiete. Mar 2012;63(3):178-183.

Bonjour JP. Biotin in man's nutrition and therapy -- a review. Int J Vitam Nutr Res. 1977;47(2):107-118.

Boonpiyathad T, Pradubpongsa P, Sangasapaviriya A. Vitamin d supplements improve urticaria symptoms and quality of life in chronic spontaneous urticaria patients: a prospective case-control study. Dermatoendocrinol. 2014;6:e29727.

Brady A, Loughlin R, Gilpin D, Kearney P, Tunney M. In vitro activity of tea-tree oil against clinical skin isolates of meticillin-resistant and -sensitive Staphylococcus aureus and coagulase-negative staphylococci growing planktonically and as biofilms. J Med Microbiol. Oct 2006;55(Pt 10):1375-1380.

Braithwaite I, Hunt A, Riley J, Fingleton J, Kocks J, Corin A, . . . Beasley R. Randomised controlled trial of topical kanuka honey for the treatment of rosacea. BMJ open. Jun 24 2015;5(6):e007651.

Brasch J, Freitag-Wolf S, Beck-Jendroschek V, Huber M. Inhibition of dermatophytes by photodynamic treatment with curcumin. Medical mycology. Jan 03 2017.

Brocard A, Dreno B. Innate immunity: a crucial target for zinc in the treatment of inflammatory dermatosis. J Eur Acad Dermatol Venereol. Oct 2011;25(10):1146-1152.

Brocard A, Knol AC, Khammari A, Dreno B. Hidradenitis suppurativa and zinc: a new therapeutic approach. A pilot study. Dermatology (Basel, Switzerland). 2007;214(4):325-327.

Brown CF, Gallup DG, Brown VM. Hidradenitis suppurativa of the anogenital region: response to isotretinoin. American journal of obstetrics and gynecology. Jan 1988;158(1):12-15.

Buck DS, Nidorf DM, Addino JG. Comparison of two topical preparations for the treatment of onychomycosis: Melaleuca alternifolia (tea tree) oil and clotrimazole. The Journal of family practice. Jun 1994;38(6):601-605.

Burian JP, Sacramento LVS, Carlos IZ. Fungal infection control by garlic extracts (Allium sativum L.) and modulation of peritoneal macrophages activity in murine model of sporotrichosis. Brazilian journal of biology = Revista brasleira de biologia. May 04 2017:0.

Butala N, Siegfried E, Weissler A. Molluscum BOTE sign: a predictor of imminent resolution. Pediatrics. May 2013;131(5):e1650-1653.

Buyukozturk S, Gelincik A, Unal D, Demirturk M, Celik DD, Erden S, . . . Erdem Kuruca S. Oral nickel exposure may induce Type I hypersensitivity reaction in nickel-sensitized subjects. International immunopharmacology. May 2015;26(1):92-96.

Callaway J, Schwab U, Harvima I, Halonen P, Mykkanen O, Hyvonen P, Jarvinen T. Efficacy of dietary hempseed oil in patients with atopic dermatitis. The Journal of dermatological treatment. Apr 2005;16(2):87-94.

Caminiti L, Passalacqua G, Magazzu G, Comisi F, Vita D, Barberio G, . . . Pajno GB. Chronic urticaria and associated coeliac disease in children: a case-control study. Pediatr Allergy Immunol. Aug 2005;16(5):428-432.

Cantisani C, De Gado F, Ulrich M, Bottoni U, Iacobellis F, Richetta AG, Calvieri S. Actinic keratosis: review of the literature and new patents. Recent patents on inflammation & allergy drug discovery. May 2013;7(2):168-175.

Cardoso JC, Calonje E. Cutaneous manifestations of human papillomaviruses: a review. Acta dermatovenerologica Alpina, Pannonica, et Adriatica. Sep 2011;20(3):145-154.

Cardwell LA, Alinia H, Moradi Tuchayi S, Feldman SR. New developments in the treatment of rosacea - role of once-daily ivermectin cream. Clin Cosmet Investig Dermatol. 2016;9:71-77.

Casetti F, Bartelke S, Biehler K, Augustin M, Schempp CM, Frank U. Antimicrobial activity against bacteria with dermatological relevance and skin tolerance of the essential oil from Coriandrum sativum L. fruits. Phytotherapy research: PTR. Mar 2012;26(3):420-424.

Cassano N, Ferrari A, Fai D, Pettinato M, Pelle S, Del Brocco L, . . . Vena GA. Oral supplementation with a nutraceutical containing Echinacea, methionine and antioxidant/immunostimulating compounds in patients with cutaneous viral warts. G Ital Dermatol Venereol. Jun 2011;146(3):191-195.

Castelli D, Colin L, Camel E, Ries G. Pretreatment of skin with a Ginkgo biloba extract/sodium carboxymethyl-beta-1,3-glucan formulation appears to inhibit the elicitation of allergic contact dermatitis in man. Contact dermatitis. Mar 1998;38(3):123-126.

Cavaleiro C, Pinto E, Goncalves MJ, Salgueiro L. Antifungal activity of Juniperus essential oils against dermatophyte, Aspergillus and Candida strains. J Appl Microbiol. Jun 2006;100(6):1333-1338.

Cepeda AM, Del Giacco SR, Villalba S, Tapias E, Jaller R, Segura AM, . . . Garcia-Larsen V. A Traditional Diet Is Associated with a Reduced Risk of Eczema and Wheeze in Colombian Children. Nutrients. Jun 25 2015;7(7):5098-5110.

Cerio R, Dohil M, Jeanine D, Magina S, Mahe E, Stratigos AJ. Mechanism of action and clinical benefits of colloidal oatmeal for dermatologic practice. J Drugs Dermatol. Sep 2010;9(9):1116-1120.

Cevasco NCC, Tomecki KJ. Disease Management. Common skin infections. Cleveland Clinic Center for Continuing Education. 08/2010. Accessed 01/30/2017.

Chainani-Wu N, Collins K, Silverman S, Jr. Use of curcuminoids in a cohort of patients with oral lichen planus, an autoimmune disease. Phytomedicine : international journal of phytotherapy and phytopharmacology. Mar 15 2012;19(5):418-423.

Chainani-Wu N, Madden E, Lozada-Nur F, Silverman S, Jr. High-dose curcuminoids are efficacious in the reduction in symptoms and signs of oral lichen planus. Journal of the American Academy of Dermatology. May 2012;66(5):752-760.

Chainani-Wu N, Silverman S, Jr., Reingold A, Bostrom A, Mc Culloch C, Lozada-Nur F, Weintraub J. A randomized, placebo-controlled, double-blind clinical trial of curcuminoids in oral lichen planus. Phytomedicine : international journal of phytotherapy and phytopharmacology. Aug 2007;14(7-8):437-446.

Chang YS, Trivedi MK, Jha A, Lin YF, Dimaano L, Garcia-Romero MT. Synbiotics for Prevention and Treatment of Atopic Dermatitis: A Meta-analysis of Randomized Clinical Trials. JAMA pediatrics. Mar 2016;170(3):236-242.

Chen MX, Alexander KS, Baki G. Formulation and Evaluation of Antibacterial Creams and Gels Containing Metal Ions for Topical Application. Journal of pharmaceutics. 2016;2016:5754349.

Chen YE, Tsao H. The skin microbiome: current perspectives and future challenges. Journal of the American Academy of Dermatology. Jul 2013;69(1):143-155.

Chern E, Cheng YW. Treatment of recalcitrant periungual warts with cimetidine in pediatrics. The Journal of dermatological treatment. Sep 2010;21(5):314-316.

Chetty P, Choi F, Mitchell T. Primary care review of actinic keratosis and its therapeutic options: a global perspective. Dermatology and therapy. Mar 2015;5(1):19-35.

Choi EJ, Iwasa M, Han KI, Kim WJ, Tang Y, Hwang YJ, . . . Kim EK. Heat-Killed Enterococcus faecalis EF-2001 Ameliorates Atopic Dermatitis in a Murine Model. Nutrients. Mar 05 2016;8(3):146.

Choi JK, Kim SH. Rutin suppresses atopic dermatitis and allergic contact dermatitis. Experimental biology and medicine (Maywood, N.J.). Apr 2013;238(4):410-417.

Choi WJ, Konkit M, Kim Y, Kim MK, Kim W. Oral administration of Lactococcus chungangensis inhibits 2,4-dinitrochlorobenzene-induced atopic-like dermatitis in NC/Nga mice. J Dairy Sci. Sep 2016;99(9):6889-6901.

Chon SY, Doan HQ, Mays RM, Singh SM, Gordon RA, Tyring SK. Antibiotic overuse and resistance in dermatology. Dermatologic therapy. Jan-Feb 2012;25(1):55-69.

Chretien JH, Esswein JG, Sharpe LM, Kiely JJ, Lyddon FE. Efficacy of undecylenic acid-zinc undecylenate powder in culture positive tinea pedis. Int J Dermatol. Jan-Feb 1980;19(1):51-54.

Christoffers WA, Blomeke B, Coenraads PJ, Schuttelaar ML. The optimal patch test concentration for ascaridole as a sensitizing component of tea tree oil. Contact dermatitis. Sep 2014;71(3):129-137.

Chuang T-Y. Drugs & Diseases: Lichen Planus. Practice Essentials. Last updated 5/12/2017. Accessed 09/25/2017.

Chuh A, Zawar V, Sciallis G, Kempf W. A position statement on the management of patients with pityriasis rosea. J Eur Acad Dermatol Venereol. Oct 2016;30(10):1670-1681.

Chuh AA, Dofitas BL, Comisel GG, Reveiz L, Sharma V, Garner SE, Chu F. Interventions for pityriasis rosea. The Cochrane database of systematic reviews. Apr 18 2007(2):Cd005068.

Clark GW, Pope SM, Jaboori KA. Diagnosis and treatment of seborrheic dermatitis. American family physician. Feb 01 2015;91(3):185-190.

Coenraads PJ, Vogel TA, Blomeke B, Goebel C, Roggeband R, Schuttelaar ML. The role of the antioxidant ascorbic acid in the elicitation of contact allergic reactions to p-phenylenediamine. Contact dermatitis. May 2016;74(5):267-272.

Colsky AS, Kirsner RS, Kerdel FA. Analysis of antibiotic susceptibilities of skin wound flora in hospitalized dermatology patients: The crisis of antibiotic resistance has come to the surface. Archives of Dermatology. 1998;134(8):1006-1009.

Costa C, Scalvenzi M, Ayala F, Fabbrocini G, Monfrecola G. How to treat actinic keratosis? An update. Journal of dermatological case reports. Jun 30 2015;9(2):29-35.

Cox NH. Actinic keratosis induced by a sunbed. BMJ (Clinical research ed.). Apr 09 1994;308(6934):977-978.

Cutler RR, Wilson P. Antibacterial activity of a new, stable, aqueous extract of allicin against methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus. British journal of biomedical science. 2004;61(2):71-74.

Dalgard FJ, Gieler U, Tomas-Aragones L, Lien L, Poot F, Jemec GB, . . . Kupfer J. The psychological burden of skin diseases: a cross-sectional multicenter study among dermatological out-patients in 13 European countries. The Journal of investigative dermatology. Apr 2015;135(4):984-991.

de Graauw E, Beltraminelli H, Simon HU, Simon D. Eosinophilia in Dermatologic Disorders. Immunology and allergy clinics of North America. Aug 2015;35(3):545-560.

Deacock SJ. An approach to the patient with urticaria. Clinical and experimental immunology. Aug 2008;153(2):151-161.

Dehghani F, Merat A, Panjehshahin MR, Handjani F. Healing effect of garlic extract on warts and corns. Int J Dermatol. Jul 2005;44(7):612-615.

Del Prete M, Mauriello MC, Faggiano A, Di Somma C, Monfrecola G, Fabbrocini G, Colao A. Insulin resistance and acne: a new risk factor for men? Endocrine. Dec 2012;42(3):555-560.

Del Rosso JQ, Rosen T, Thiboutot D, Webster GF, Gallo RL, Leyden JJ, . . . Eichenfield L. Status Report from the Scientific Panel on Antibiotic Use in Dermatology of the American Acne and Rosacea Society: Part 3: Current Perspectives on Skin and Soft Tissue Infections with Emphasis on Methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus, Commonly Encountered Scenarios when Antibiotic Use May Not Be Needed, and Concluding Remarks on Rational Use of Antibiotics in Dermatology. The Journal of clinical and aesthetic dermatology. Jun 2016;9(6):17-24.

DeLouise LA. Applications of nanotechnology in dermatology. The Journal of investigative dermatology. Mar 2012;132(3 Pt 2):964-975.

Desmet E, Van Gele M, Lambert J. Topically applied lipid- and surfactant-based nanoparticles in the treatment of skin disorders. Expert opinion on drug delivery. Jan 2017;14(1):109-122.

Dessinioti C, Katsambas A. Seborrheic dermatitis: etiology, risk factors, and treatments: facts and controversies. Clinics in dermatology. Jul-Aug 2013;31(4):343-351.

Dey VK. Misuse of topical corticosteroids: A clinical study of adverse effects. Indian Dermatol Online J. Oct 2014;5(4):436-440.

Dizaj SM, Lotfipour F, Barzegar-Jalali M, Zarrintan MH, Adibkia K. Antimicrobial activity of the metals and metal oxide nanoparticles. Materials science & engineering. C, Materials for biological applications. Nov 2014;44:278-284.

Drago L, De Vecchi E, Toscano M, Vassena C, Altomare G, Pigatto P. Treatment of atopic dermatitis eczema with a high concentration of Lactobacillus salivarius LS01 associated with an innovative gelling complex: a pilot study on adults. Journal of clinical gastroenterology. Nov-Dec 2014;48 Suppl 1:S47-51.

Drago L, Iemoli E, Rodighiero V, Nicola L, De Vecchi E, Piconi S. Effects of Lactobacillus salivarius LS01 (DSM 22775) treatment on adult atopic dermatitis: a randomized placebo-controlled study. International journal of immunopathology and pharmacology. Oct-Dec 2011;24(4):1037-1048.

Dreno B, Araviiskaia E, Berardesca E, Gontijo G, Sanchez Viera M, Xiang LF, . . . Bieber T. Microbiome in healthy skin, update for dermatologists. J Eur Acad Dermatol Venereol. Dec 2016;30(12):2038-2047.

Dryden MS, Dailly S, Crouch M. A randomized, controlled trial of tea tree topical preparations versus a standard topical regimen for the clearance of MRSA colonization. The Journal of hospital infection. Apr 2004;56(4):283-286.

Dufour DN, Emtestam L, Jemec GB. Hidradenitis suppurativa: a common and burdensome, yet under-recognised, inflammatory skin disease. Postgrad Med J. Apr 2014;90(1062):216-221; quiz 220.

Dybboe R, Bandier J, Skov L, Engstrand L, Johansen JD. The Role of the Skin Microbiome in Atopic Dermatitis: A Systematic Review. Br J Dermatol. Feb 16 2017.

Egert M, Simmering R. The Microbiota of the Human Skin. Advances in experimental medicine and biology. 2016;902:61-81.

Eisen M, Kaur S, Rehema A, Kullisaar T, Vihalemm T, Zilmer K, . . . Zilmer M. Allergic contact dermatitis is accompanied by severe abnormal changes in antioxidativity of blood. Biomedicine & pharmacotherapy = Biomedecine & pharmacotherapie. May 2004;58(4):260-263.

Faghihi G, Iraji F, Shahingohar A, Saidat A. The efficacy of '0.05% Clobetasol + 2.5% zinc sulphate' cream vs. '0.05% Clobetasol alone' cream in the treatment of the chronic hand eczema: a double-blind study. Journal of the European Academy of Dermatology and Venereology : JEADV. May 2008;22(5):531-536.

FDA. US Food and Drug Administration. FDA News Release: FDA approves Eucrisa for eczema. 12/14/2016. Accessed 02/13/2017.

FDA. US Food and Drug Administration. FDA approves new eczema drug Dupixent. 3/28/2017. Accessed 10/10/2017.

Fisk WA, Lev-Tov HA, Clark AK, Sivamani RK. Phytochemical and Botanical Therapies for Rosacea: A Systematic Review. Phytotherapy research : PTR. Oct 2015;29(10):1439-1451.

Fitzmaurice S, Eisen DB. Daylight Photodynamic Therapy: What is Known and What is Yet to be Determined. Dermatologic surgery : official publication for American Society for Dermatologic Surgery [et al.]. Mar 2016;42(3):286-295.

Flohil SC, van der Leest RJ, Dowlatshahi EA, Hofman A, de Vries E, Nijsten T. Prevalence of actinic keratosis and its risk factors in the general population: the Rotterdam Study. The Journal of investigative dermatology. Aug 2013;133(8):1971-1978.

Foster RH, Hardy G, Alany RG. Borage oil in the treatment of atopic dermatitis. Nutrition (Burbank, Los Angeles County, Calif.). Jul-Aug 2010;26(7-8):708-718.

Fowler JF, Jr. Colloidal oatmeal formulations and the treatment of atopic dermatitis. J Drugs Dermatol. Oct 2014;13(10):1180-1183; quiz 1184-1185.

Franco I. Oral cimetidine for the management of genital and perigenital warts in children. J Urol. Sep 2000;164(3 Pt 2):1074-1075.

Friedrich AD, Paz ML, Leoni J, González Maglio DH. Message in a Bottle: Dialog between Intestine and Skin Modulated by Probiotics. International journal of molecular sciences. 2017;18(6):1067.

Fuchs SM, Schliemann-Willers S, Fischer TW, Elsner P. Protective effects of different marigold (Calendula officinalis L.) and rosemary cream preparations against sodium-lauryl-sulfate-induced irritant contact dermatitis. Skin Pharmacol Physiol. Jul-Aug 2005;18(4):195-200.

Furumura M, Sato N, Kusaba N, Takagaki K, Nakayama J. Oral administration of French maritime pine bark extract (Flavangenol((R))) improves clinical symptoms in photoaged facial skin. Clin Interv Aging. 2012;7:275-286.

Gaby AR. Nutritional Medicine. Ch. 176: Dermatitis Herpetiformis. Copyright 2011a by Fritz Perlberg Publishing; Concord, NH. pp. 682-684

Gaby AR. Nutritional Medicine. Ch. 179: Eczema. Copyright 2011b by Fritz Perlberg Publishing; Concord, NH. pp. 687-696

Genentech USA. Xolair. Important Safety Information & Indications. Copyright 2017 by Genetech USA, Inc. and Novartis Pharmaceuticals. Accessed 9/25/2017.

Gimenez-Arnau A, Barranco C, Alberola M, Wale C, Serrano S, Buchanan MR, Camarasa JG. Effects of linoleic acid supplements on atopic dermatitis. Advances in experimental medicine and biology. 1997;433:285-289.

Giri D, Alsaffar H, Ramakrishnan R. Acanthosis Nigricans and Its Response to Metformin. Pediatric dermatology. Jul 30 2017.

Green AC. Epidemiology of actinic keratoses. Current problems in dermatology. 2015;46:1-7.

Greenhawt M. The role of food allergy in atopic dermatitis. Allergy and asthma proceedings: the official journal of regional and state allergy societies. Sep-Oct 2010;31(5):392-397.

Grether-Beck S, Marini A, Jaenicke T, Krutmann J. French Maritime Pine Bark Extract (Pycnogenol®) Effects on Human Skin: Clinical and Molecular Evidence. Skin Pharmacol Physiol. 2016;29(1):13-17.

Guarneri F, Guarneri C, Cannavo SP. Oral iron therapy and chronic idiopathic urticaria: sideropenic urticaria? Dermatologic therapy. Jul-Aug 2014;27(4):223-226.

Guillet A, Brocard A, Bach Ngohou K, Graveline N, Leloup AG, Ali D, . . . Dreno B. Verneuil's disease, innate immunity and vitamin D: a pilot study. J Eur Acad Dermatol Venereol. Jul 2015;29(7):1347-1353.

Gulliver W, Zouboulis CC, Prens E, Jemec GB, Tzellos T. Evidence-based approach to the treatment of hidradenitis suppurativa/acne inversa, based on the European guidelines for hidradenitis suppurativa. Reviews in endocrine & metabolic disorders. Sep 2016;17(3):343-351.

Gupta AK, Daigle D. Sinecatechins 10% ointment: a green tea extract for the treatment of external genital warts. Skin therapy letter. Jan-Feb 2015;20(1):6-8.

Gupta M, Mahajan VK, Mehta KS, Chauhan PS. Zinc therapy in dermatology: a review. Dermatol Res Pract. 2014;2014:709152.

Hafez MM, Maghrabi IA, Zaki NM. Toward an Alternative Therapeutic Approach for Skin Infections: Antagonistic Activity of Lactobacilli Against Antibiotic-Resistant Staphylococcus aureus and Pseudomonas aeruginosa. Probiotics and antimicrobial proteins. Sep 2013;5(3):216-226.

Halcon L, Milkus K. Staphylococcus aureus and wounds: a review of tea tree oil as a promising antimicrobial. American journal of infection control. Nov 2004;32(7):402-408.

Hammer KA, Carson CF, Riley TV, Nielsen JB. A review of the toxicity of Melaleuca alternifolia (tea tree) oil. Food and chemical toxicology : an international journal published for the British Industrial Biological Research Association. May 2006;44(5):616-625.

Han MH, Yoon WK, Lee H, Han SB, Lee K, Park SK, . . . Kang JS. Topical application of silymarin reduces chemical-induced irritant contact dermatitis in BALB/c mice. International immunopharmacology. Dec 15 2007;7(13):1651-1658.

Hanna E, Abadi R, Abbas O. Imiquimod in dermatology: an overview. Int J Dermatol. Aug 2016;55(8):831-844.

Hartman-Adams H, Banvard C, Juckett G. Impetigo: diagnosis and treatment. American family physician. Aug 15 2014;90(4):229-235.

Haussmann J, Sekar A. Chronic urticaria: a cutaneous manifestation of celiac disease. Canadian journal of gastroenterology = Journal canadien de gastroenterologie. Apr 2006;20(4):291-293.

Hession MT, Scheinman PL. The role of contact allergens in chronic idiopathic urticaria. Dermatitis: contact, atopic, occupational, drug. May-Jun 2012;23(3):110-116.

HHP. Harvard Health Publishing. Harvard Medical School: Skin Tags (Acrochordon). Published 12/2013. Accessed 03/06/17.

Higdon J. Oregon State University. Linus Pauling Institute. Micronutrient Information Center: Riboflavin. Last updated 7/2013. Accessed 03/14/2017.

Hogan DJ, Light MJ. Successful treatment of hidradenitis suppurativa with acitretin. Journal of the American Academy of Dermatology. Aug 1988;19(2 Pt 1):355-356.

Holm JG, Agner T, Sand C, Thomsen SF. Omalizumab for atopic dermatitis: case series and a systematic review of the literature. Int J Dermatol. Jan 2017;56(1):18-26.

Holmes CJ, Plichta JK, Gamelli RL, Radek KA. Dynamic Role of Host Stress Responses in Modulating the Cutaneous Microbiome: Implications for Wound Healing and Infection. Advances in wound care. Jan 1 2015;4(1):24-37.

Horrobin DF. Essential fatty acid metabolism and its modification in atopic eczema. The American journal of clinical nutrition. Jan 2000;71(1 Suppl):367s-372s.

Hoy SM. Polyphenon E 10% ointment: in immunocompetent adults with external genital and perianal warts. American journal of clinical dermatology. Aug 01 2012;13(4):275-281.

Huynh M, Gupta R, Koo JY. Emotional stress as a trigger for inflammatory skin disorders. Seminars in cutaneous medicine and surgery. Jun 2013;32(2):68-72.

Ianhez M, Fleury LF, Jr., Miot HA, Bagatin E. Retinoids for prevention and treatment of actinic keratosis. Anais brasileiros de dermatologia. Jul-Aug 2013;88(4):585-593.

Iemoli E, Trabattoni D, Parisotto S, Borgonovo L, Toscano M, Rizzardini G, . . . Drago L. Probiotics reduce gut microbial translocation and improve adult atopic dermatitis. Journal of clinical gastroenterology. Oct 2012;46 Suppl:S33-40.

Imagawa I, Suzuki H. Successful treatment of refractory warts with topical vitamin D3 derivative (maxacalcitol, 1alpha, 25-dihydroxy-22-oxacalcitriol) in 17 patients. J Dermatol. Apr 2007;34(4):264-266.

Ingraffea A. Benign skin neoplasms. Facial plastic surgery clinics of North America. Feb 2013;21(1):21-32.

Inoue Y, Kambara T, Murata N, Komori-Yamaguchi J, Matsukura S, Takahashi Y, . . . Aihara M. Effects of oral administration of Lactobacillus acidophilus L-92 on the symptoms and serum cytokines of atopic dermatitis in Japanese adults: a double-blind, randomized, clinical trial. Int Arch Allergy Immunol. 2014;165(4):247-254.

Inouye S, Uchida K, Nishiyama Y, Hasumi Y, Yamaguchi H, Abe S. Combined effect of heat, essential oils and salt on fungicidal activity against Trichophyton mentagrophytes in a foot bath. Nihon Ishinkin Gakkai zasshi = Japanese journal of medical mycology. 2007;48(1):27-36.

Jafferany M, Franca K. Psychodermatology: Basics Concepts. Acta dermato-venereologica. Aug 23 2016;96(217):35-37.

Jafilan L, James C. Urticaria and Allergy-Mediated Conditions. Primary care. Dec 2015;42(4):473-483.

Jeon J, Kim JH, Lee CK, Oh CH, Song HJ. The Antimicrobial Activity of (-)-Epigallocatehin-3-Gallate and Green Tea Extracts against Pseudomonas aeruginosa and Escherichia coli Isolated from Skin Wounds. Annals of dermatology. Oct 2014;26(5):564-569.

Jiang S, Hinchliffe TE, Wu T. Biomarkers of An Autoimmune Skin Disease--Psoriasis. Genomics, proteomics & bioinformatics. Aug 2015;13(4):224-233.

Jin M, Zhao K, Huang Q, Shang P. Structural features and biological activities of the polysaccharides from Astragalus membranaceus. International journal of biological macromolecules. Mar 2014;64:257-266.

Kallio J, Jaakkola M, Maki M, Kilpelainen P, Virtanen V. Vitamin C inhibits staphylococcus aureus growth and enhances the inhibitory effect of quercetin on growth of Escherichia coli in vitro. Planta medica. Nov 2012;78(17):1824-1830.

Kanani A, Schellenberg R, Warrington R. Urticaria and angioedema. Allergy, asthma, and clinical immunology : official journal of the Canadian Society of Allergy and Clinical Immunology. Nov 10 2011;7 Suppl 1:S9.

Kaplan AP. Angioedema. The World Allergy Organization journal. Jun 2008;1(6):103-113.

Karabacak E, Aydin E, Kutlu A, Ozcan O, Muftuoglu T, Gunes A, . . . Ozturk S. Erythrocyte zinc level in patients with atopic dermatitis and its relation to SCORAD index. Postepy dermatologii i alergologii. Oct 2016;33(5):349-352.

Katta R, Desai SP. Diet and dermatology: the role of dietary intervention in skin disease. The Journal of clinical and aesthetic dermatology. Jul 2014;7(7):46-51.

Kaur RR, Alikhan A, Maibach HI. Comparison of topical 5-fluorouracil formulations in actinic keratosis treatment. The Journal of dermatological treatment. Sep 2010;21(5):267-271.

Kawahito S, Kitahata H, Oshita S. Problems associated with glucose toxicity: role of hyperglycemia-induced oxidative stress. World journal of gastroenterology: WJG. Sep 07 2009;15(33):4137-4142.

Kawamura A, Ooyama K, Kojima K, Kachi H, Abe T, Amano K, Aoyama T. Dietary supplementation of gamma-linolenic acid improves skin parameters in subjects with dry skin and mild atopic dermatitis. Journal of oleo science. 2011;60(12):597-607.

Kenawy S, Mohammed GF, Younes S, Elakhras AI. Evaluation of TNF-alpha serum level in patients with recalcitrant multiple common warts, treated by lipid garlic extract. Dermatologic therapy. Sep-Oct 2014;27(5):272-277.

Kerr OA, Tidman MJ, Walker JJ, Aldridge RD, Benton EC. The profile of dermatological problems in primary care. Clin Exp Dermatol. Jun 2010;35(4):380-383.

Khan MF, Hameedullah M, Ansari AH, Ahmad E, Lohani MB, Khan RH, . . . Ahmad I. Flower-shaped ZnO nanoparticles synthesized by a novel approach at near-room temperatures with antibacterial and antifungal properties. International journal of nanomedicine. 2014;9:853-864.

Khan MS, Ahmad I. Antifungal activity of essential oils and their synergy with fluconazole against drug-resistant strains of Aspergillus fumigatus and Trichophyton rubrum. Appl Microbiol Biotechnol. May 2011;90(3):1083-1094.

Kharfi M, Chtourou O, Kamoun F, Mokhtar I, Fazaa B, Ben Salem M, Kamoun MR. [Cimetidine therapy for multiple warts in children]. La Tunisie medicale. Apr 2002;80(4):214-216.

Kim H, Kim HR, Jeong BJ, Lee SS, Kim TR, Jeong JH, . . . Chung DK. Effects of oral intake of kimchi-derived Lactobacillus plantarum K8 lysates on skin moisturizing. Journal of microbiology and biotechnology. Jan 2015;25(1):74-80.

Kim JE, Cho BK, Cho DH, Park HJ. Expression of hypothalamic-pituitary-adrenal axis in common skin diseases: evidence of its association with stress-related disease activity. Acta dermato-venereologica. Jul 06 2013;93(4):387-393.

Kim JE, Yoo SR, Jeong MG, Ko JY, Ro YS. Hair zinc levels and the efficacy of oral zinc supplementation in patients with atopic dermatitis. Acta dermato-venereologica. Sep 2014;94(5):558-562.

Kim JY, Park BK, Park HJ, Park YH, Kim BO, Pyo S. Atopic dermatitis-mitigating effects of new Lactobacillus strain, Lactobacillus sakei probio 65 isolated from Kimchi. J Appl Microbiol. Aug 2013;115(2):517-526.

Kim M, Jung HY, Park HJ. Topical PDT in the Treatment of Benign Skin Diseases: Principles and New Applications. International journal of molecular sciences. Sep 25 2015;16(10):23259-23278.

Kim SM. Human papilloma virus in oral cancer. Journal of the Korean Association of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgeons. Dec 2016;42(6):327-336.

Kim SO, Ah YM, Yu YM, Choi KH, Shin WG, Lee JY. Effects of probiotics for the treatment of atopic dermatitis: a meta-analysis of randomized controlled trials. Ann Allergy Asthma Immunol. Aug 2014;113(2):217-226.

Koch C, Dolle S, Metzger M, Rasche C, Jungclas H, Ruhl R, . . . Worm M. Docosahexaenoic acid (DHA) supplementation in atopic eczema: a randomized, double-blind, controlled trial. Br J Dermatol. Apr 2008;158(4):786-792.

Kollipara R, Ekhlassi E, Downing C, Guidry J, Lee M, Tyring SK. Advancements in Pharmacotherapy for Noncancerous Manifestations of HPV. J Clin Med. Apr 24 2015;4(5):832-846.

Kreijkamp-Kaspers S, Hawke K, Guo L, Kerin G, Bell-Syer SE, Magin P, . . . van Driel ML. Oral antifungal medication for toenail onychomycosis. The Cochrane database of systematic reviews. Jul 14 2017;7:Cd010031.

Kumari R, Thappa DM. Role of insulin resistance and diet in acne. Indian journal of dermatology, venereology and leprology. May-Jun 2013;79(3):291-299.

Kunnumakkara AB, Bordoloi D, Padmavathi G, Monisha J, Roy NK, Prasad S, Aggarwal BB. Curcumin, the golden nutraceutical: multitargeting for multiple chronic diseases. British journal of pharmacology. Sep 17 2016.

Ledezma E, DeSousa L, Jorquera A, Sanchez J, Lander A, Rodriguez E, . . . Apitz-Castro R. Efficacy of ajoene, an organosulphur derived from garlic, in the short-term therapy of tinea pedis. Mycoses. Sep-Oct 1996;39(9-10):393-395.

Ledezma E, Marcano K, Jorquera A, De Sousa L, Padilla M, Pulgar M, Apitz-Castro R. Efficacy of ajoene in the treatment of tinea pedis: a double-blind and comparative study with terbinafine. Journal of the American Academy of Dermatology. Nov 2000;43(5 Pt 1):829-832.

Lee SA, Hong S, Kim HJ et al. Correlation between serum vitamin d level and the severity of atopic dermatitis associated with food sensitization. Allergy Asthma Immunol Res. 2013;5(4):207-210.

Lee J, Lee H, Noh S, Bae BG, Shin JU, Park CO, Lee KH. Retrospective Analysis on the Effects of House Dust Mite Specific Immunotherapy for More Than 3 Years in Atopic Dermatitis. Yonsei medical journal. Mar 2016;57(2):393-398.

Leenutaphong V, Jiamton S. UVB phototherapy for pityriasis rosea: a bilateral comparison study. Journal of the American Academy of Dermatology. Dec 1995;33(6):996-999.

Levy R, Shriker O, Porath A, Riesenberg K, Schlaeffer F. Vitamin C for the treatment of recurrent furunculosis in patients with imparied neutrophil functions. J Infect Dis. Jun 1996;173(6):1502-1505.

Li W, Wu X, Xu X, Wang W, Song S, Liang K, . . . Li R. Coenzyme Q10 Suppresses TNF-alpha-Induced Inflammatory Reaction In Vitro and Attenuates Severity of Dermatitis in Mice. Inflammation. Feb 2016;39(1):281-289.

Liakou AI, Theodorakis MJ, Melnik BC, Pappas A, Zouboulis CC. Nutritional clinical studies in dermatology. J Drugs Dermatol. Oct 2013;12(10):1104-1109.

Lisante TA, Nunez C, Zhang P, Mathes BM. A 1% Colloidal Oatmeal Cream Alone is Effective in Reducing Symptoms of Mild to Moderate Atopic Dermatitis: Results from Two Clinical Studies. Journal of drugs in dermatology: JDD. Jul 01 2017;16(7):671-676.

Liu D, Ahmet A, Ward L, Krishnamoorthy P, Mandelcorn ED, Leigh R, . . . Kim H. A practical guide to the monitoring and management of the complications of systemic corticosteroid therapy. Allergy, asthma, and clinical immunology : official journal of the Canadian Society of Allergy and Clinical Immunology. Aug 15 2013;9(1):30.

Liu M, Lu J, Muller P, Turnbull L, Burke CM, Schlothauer RC, . . . Harry EJ. Antibiotic-specific differences in the response of Staphylococcus aureus to treatment with antimicrobials combined with manuka honey. Front Microbiol. 2014;5:779.

Livingstone C. Zinc: physiology, deficiency, and parenteral nutrition. Nutr Clin Pract. Jun 2015;30(3):371-382.

Loo DS. Cutaneous fungal infections in the elderly. Dermatologic clinics. Jan 2004;22(1):33-50.

Lopes G, Pinto E, Salgueiro L. Natural Products: An Alternative to Conventional Therapy for Dermatophytosis? Mycopathologia. Feb 2017;182(1-2):143-167.

Lopez Jornet P, Aznar-Cayuela C. Efficacy of topical chamomile management vs. placebo in patients with oral lichen planus: a randomized double-blind study. J Eur Acad Dermatol Venereol. Oct 2016;30(10):1783-1786.

Lorente-Cebrian S, Costa AG, Navas-Carretero S, Zabala M, Laiglesia LM, Martinez JA, Moreno-Aliaga MJ. An update on the role of omega-3 fatty acids on inflammatory and degenerative diseases. J Physiol Biochem. Jun 2015;71(2):341-349.

Loughlin R, Gilmore BF, McCarron PA, Tunney MM. Comparison of the cidal activity of tea tree oil and terpinen-4-ol against clinical bacterial skin isolates and human fibroblast cells. Lett Appl Microbiol. Apr 2008;46(4):428-433.

Lu'o'ng K, Nguyen LT. The roles of vitamin D in seborrhoeic keratosis: possible genetic and cellular signalling mechanisms. Int J Cosmet Sci. Dec 2013;35(6):525-531.

Luba MC, Bangs SA, Mohler AM, Stulberg DL. Common benign skin tumors. American family physician. Feb 15 2003;67(4):729-738.

Lucas JLT, K. J. Cleveland Clinic Center for Continuing Education. Disease Management: Acne and Rosacea. Published 08/2010. Accessed 02/07/2017.

Lucas RM, Gorman S, Geldenhuys S, Hart PH. Vitamin D and immunity. F1000Prime Rep. 2014;6:118.

Ludvigsson JF, Lindelof B, Rashtak S, Rubio-Tapia A, Murray JA. Does urticaria risk increase in patients with celiac disease? A large population-based cohort study. European journal of dermatology : EJD. Sep-Oct 2013;23(5):681-687.

MacNeal RJ. Overview of the Skin. Merck Manual: Consumer Version, Available at Copyright 2016a. Accessed 01/26/2017.

MacNeal RJ. Structure and Function of the Skin. Merck Manual: Consumer Version. Available at Published 2016b. Accessed 01/26/2017.

Maeda Y, Loughrey A, Earle JA, Millar BC, Rao JR, Kearns A, . . . Moore JE. Antibacterial activity of honey against community-associated methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus (CA-MRSA). Complementary therapies in clinical practice. May 2008;14(2):77-82.

Mahajan K, Relhan V, Relhan AK, Garg VK. Pityriasis Rosea: An Update on Etiopathogenesis and Management of Difficult Aspects. Indian J Dermatol. Jul-Aug 2016;61(4):375-384.

Mahmood K, Zia KM, Zuber M, Salman M, Anjum MN. Recent developments in curcumin and curcumin based polymeric materials for biomedical applications: A review. International journal of biological macromolecules. Nov 2015;81:877-890.

Marini A, Grether-Beck S, Jaenicke T, Weber M, Burki C, Formann P, . . . Krutmann J. Pycnogenol(R) effects on skin elasticity and hydration coincide with increased gene expressions of collagen type I and hyaluronic acid synthase in women. Skin Pharmacol Physiol. 2012;25(2):86-92.

Marks JGM, Miller JJ. Principles of Diagnosis. In: Principles of Dermatology, 5th ed. Copyright 2014 by Saunders, and inprint of Elsevier. Philadelphia, PA. pp. 11-28.

Marshall C, Taylor R, Bewley A. Psychodermatology in Clinical Practice: Main Principles. Acta dermato-venereologica. Aug 23 2016;96(217):30-34.

Martin KW, Ernst E. Herbal medicines for treatment of fungal infections: a systematic review of controlled clinical trials. Mycoses. Apr 2004;47(3-4):87-92.

Matheson EM, Mainous AG, 3rd, Hueston WJ, Diaz VA, Everett CJ. Vitamin D and methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus nasal carriage. Scand J Infect Dis. Jul 2010;42(6-7):455-460.

Matsumoto M, Ebata T, Hirooka J, Hosoya R, Inoue N, Itami S, . . . Nagakura T. Antipruritic effects of the probiotic strain LKM512 in adults with atopic dermatitis. Ann Allergy Asthma Immunol. Aug 2014;113(2):209-216.e207.

Mayo Clinic. Actinic keratosis. Diagnosis & treatment page. 8/11/2017b. Accessed 9/26/2017

Mayo Clinic. Actinic keratosis. Symptoms & causes. 8/11/2017c. Accessed 9/26/2017

Mayo Clinic. Lichen Planus: Self Management. 8/8/2017d. Accessed 09/25/2017.

Mayo Clinic. Diseases and Conditions: Contact Dermatitis. Available at Last updated 07/16/2014b. Accessed 02/22/2017.

Mayo Clinic. Diseases and Conditions: Heat Rash. Available at Last updated 01/20/2015b. Accessed 03/20/2017.

Mayo Clinic. Diseases and Conditions: Pityriasis Rosea. Available at Last updated 07/02/2015a. Accessed 03/20/2017.

Mayo Clinic. Diseases and Conditions: Seborrheic Dermatitis. Available at Published 05/2014a. Accessed 03/14/2017.

McClain SL, Bohan JG, Stevens DL. Advances in the medical management of skin and soft tissue infections. BMJ (Clinical research ed.). Dec 14 2016;355:i6004.

Messaritakis J, Kattamis C, Karabula C, Matsaniotis N. Generalized seborrhoeic dermatitis. Clinical and therapeutic data of 25 patients. Archives of disease in childhood. Nov 1975;50(11):871-874.

Mete N, Gulbahar O, Aydin A, Sin AZ, Kokuludag A, Sebik F. Low B12 levels in chronic idiopathic urticaria. J Investig Allergol Clin Immunol. 2004;14(4):292-299.

Mi N. Hidradenitis suppurativa - a case report. Journal of the West African College of Surgeons. Oct 2011;1(4):60-69.

Micali G, Gerber PA, Lacarrubba F, Schafer G. Improving Treatment of Erythematotelangiectatic Rosacea with Laser and/or Topical Therapy Through Enhanced Discrimination of its Clinical Features. The Journal of clinical and aesthetic dermatology. Jul 2016;9(7):30-39.

Mikkelsen CS, Holmgren HR, Kjellman P, Heidenheim M, Kappinnen A, Bjerring P, Huldt-Nystrom T. Rosacea: a Clinical Review. Dermatology reports. Jun 15 2016;8(1):6387.

Mitsuhashi Y, Kawaguchi M, Hozumi Y, Kondo S. Topical vitamin D3 is effective in treating senile warts possibly by inducing apoptosis. J Dermatol. Jun 2005;32(6):420-423.

Mitsuishi T, Iida K, Kawana S. Cimetidine treatment for viral warts enhances IL-2 and IFN-gamma expression but not IL-18 expression in lesional skin. European journal of dermatology: EJD. Sep-Oct 2003;13(5):445-448.

Mock DM. Skin manifestations of biotin deficiency. Seminars in dermatology. Dec 1991;10(4):296-302.

Mohajeri S, Newman SA. Review of evidence for dietary influences on atopic dermatitis. Skin Therapy Lett. Jul-Aug 2014;19(4):5-7.

Mohandas A, Kumar PTS, Raja B, Lakshmanan VK, Jayakumar R. Exploration of alginate hydrogel/nano zinc oxide composite bandages for infected wounds. International journal of nanomedicine. 2015;10 Suppl 1:53-66.

Molnar JA, Underdown MJ, Clark WA. Nutrition and Chronic Wounds. Advances in wound care. Nov 01 2014;3(11):663-681.

Moores J. Vitamin C: a wound healing perspective. British journal of community nursing. Dec 2013;Suppl:S6, s8-11.

Moscarelli L, Annunziata F, Mjeshtri A, Paudice N, Tsalouchos A, Zanazzi M, Bertoni E. Successful treatment of refractory wart with a topical activated vitamin d in a renal transplant recipient. Case reports in transplantation. 2011;2011:368623.

Movahedi M, Tavakol M, Hirbod-Mobarakeh A, Gharagozlou M, Aghamohammadi A, Tavakol Z, . . . Rezaei N. Vitamin D deficiency in chronic idiopathic urticaria. Iranian journal of allergy, asthma, and immunology. Apr 2015;14(2):222-227.

Muehleisen B, Bikle DD, Aguilera C, Burton DW, Sen GL, Deftos LJ, Gallo RL. PTH/PTHrP and vitamin D control antimicrobial peptide expression and susceptibility to bacterial skin infection. Science translational medicine. May 23 2012;4(135):135ra166.

Mugnaini L, Nardoni S, Pistelli L, Leonardi M, Giuliotti L, Benvenuti MN, . . . Mancianti F. A herbal antifungal formulation of Thymus serpillum, Origanum vulgare and Rosmarinus officinalis for treating ovine dermatophytosis due to Trichophyton mentagrophytes. Mycoses. May 2013;56(3):333-337.

Mulhem E, Pinelis S. Treatment of nongenital cutaneous warts. American family physician. Aug 01 2011;84(3):288-293.

Muller P, Alber DG, Turnbull L, Schlothauer RC, Carter DA, Whitchurch CB, Harry EJ. Synergism between Medihoney and rifampicin against methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus (MRSA). PloS one. 2013;8(2):e57679.

Mun JH, Kim SH, Jung DS, Ko HC, Kim BS, Kwon KS, Kim MB. Oral zinc sulfate treatment for viral warts: an open-label study. J Dermatol. Jun 2011;38(6):541-545.

Muthaiyan A, Biswas D, Crandall PG, Wilkinson BJ, Ricke SC. Application of orange essential oil as an antistaphylococcal agent in a dressing model. BMC complementary and alternative medicine. Aug 16 2012;12:125.

Nahm DH, Kim ME, Kwon B, Cho SM, Ahn A. Clinical Efficacy of Subcutaneous Allergen Immunotherapy in Patients with Atopic Dermatitis. Yonsei medical journal. Nov 2016;57(6):1420-1426.

Nakai K, Yoneda K, Kubota Y. Oxidative stress in allergic and irritant dermatitis: from basic research to clinical management. Recent patents on inflammation & allergy drug discovery. Sep 2012;6(3):202-209.

Napolitano M, Megna M, Monfrecola G. Insulin resistance and skin diseases. TheScientificWorldJournal. 2015;2015:479354.

Napolitano M, Megna M, Timoshchuk EA, Patruno C, Balato N, Fabbrocini G, Monfrecola G. Hidradenitis suppurativa: from pathogenesis to diagnosis and treatment. Clin Cosmet Investig Dermatol. 2017;10:105-115.

Natarajan S, Williamson D, Grey J, Harding KG, Cooper RA. Healing of an MRSA-colonized, hydroxyurea-induced leg ulcer with honey. The Journal of dermatological treatment. Mar 2001;12(1):33-36.

Nicolaou A. Eicosanoids in skin inflammation. Prostaglandins Leukot Essent Fatty Acids. Jan 2013;88(1):131-138.

Nidadavolu P, Amor W, Tran PL, Dertien J, Colmer-Hamood JA, Hamood AN. Garlic ointment inhibits biofilm formation by bacterial pathogens from burn wounds. J Med Microbiol. May 2012;61(Pt 5):662-671.

NLM. U.S. National Library of Medicine. MedlinePlus. Impetigo. Last updated 3/30/2017a. Accessed 7/18/2017.

NLM. U.S. National Library of Medicine. MedlinePlus. Medical encyclopedia: Skin lesion removal. Last updated 02/07/2017b. Accessed 02/12/2017.

Nutten S. Atopic dermatitis: global epidemiology and risk factors. Ann Nutr Metab. 2015;66 Suppl 1:8-16.

Oakley A. DermNet New Zealand. Miliaria. Published 1997. Accessed 03/21/2017.

Ogawa Y, Kawamura T, Shimada S. Zinc and skin biology. Archives of biochemistry and biophysics. Dec 01 2016;611:113-119.

Oguz Topal I, Kocaturk E, Gungor S, Durmuscan M, Sucu V, Yildirmak S. Does replacement of vitamin D reduce the symptom scores and improve quality of life in patients with chronic urticaria? The Journal of dermatological treatment. 2016;27(2):163-166.

Okeniyi JA, Olubanjo OO, Ogunlesi TA, Oyelami OA. Comparison of healing of incised abscess wounds with honey and EUSOL dressing. Journal of alternative and complementary medicine (New York, N.Y.). Jun 2005;11(3):511-513.

Olsen K, Falch BM, Danielsen K, Johannessen M, Ericson Sollid JU, Thune I, . . . Furberg AS. Staphylococcus aureus nasal carriage is associated with serum 25-hydroxyvitamin D levels, gender and smoking status. The Tromso Staph and Skin Study. European journal of clinical microbiology & infectious diseases: official publication of the European Society of Clinical Microbiology. Apr 2012;31(4):465-473.

Ong CL, Gillen CM, Barnett TC, Walker MJ, McEwan AG. An antimicrobial role for zinc in innate immune defense against group A streptococcus. J Infect Dis. May 15 2014;209(10):1500-1508.

Ong CL, Walker MJ, McEwan AG. Zinc disrupts central carbon metabolism and capsule biosynthesis in Streptococcus pyogenes. Sci Rep. Jun 01 2015;5:10799.

Orion E, Wolf R. Psychologic factors in the development of facial dermatoses. Clin Dermatol. Nov-Dec 2014;32(6):763-766.

Ozyurek GD, Alan S, Cenesizoglu E. Evaluation of clinico-epidemiological and histopathological features of pityriasis rosea. Postepy dermatologii i alergologii. Aug 2014;31(4):216-221.

Paghdal KV, Schwartz RA. Topical tar: back to the future. Journal of the American Academy of Dermatology. Aug 2009;61(2):294-302.

Paller AS, Tom WL, Lebwohl MG, Blumenthal RL, Boguniewicz M, Call RS, . . . Hebert AA. Efficacy and safety of crisaborole ointment, a novel, nonsteroidal phosphodiesterase 4 (PDE4) inhibitor for the topical treatment of atopic dermatitis (AD) in children and adults. Journal of the American Academy of Dermatology. Sep 2016;75(3):494-503.e494.

Palma L, Marques LT, Bujan J, Rodrigues Lí M. Dietary water affects human skin hydration and biomechanics. Clin Cosmet Investig Dermatol. 2015;8:413-421.

Pandhi D, Singal A, Verma P, Sharma R. The efficacy of azithromycin in pityriasis rosea: a randomized, double-blind, placebo-controlled trial. Indian journal of dermatology, venereology and leprology. Jan-Feb 2014;80(1):36-40.

Papakostas D, Rancan F, Sterry W, Blume-Peytavi U, Vogt A. Nanoparticles in dermatology. Archives of dermatological research. Oct 2011;303(8):533-550.

Pappas A, Liakou A, Zouboulis CC. Nutrition and skin. Reviews in endocrine & metabolic disorders. Sep 2016;17(3):443-448.

Park K. Role of micronutrients in skin health and function. Biomolecules & therapeutics. May 2015;23(3):207-217.

Park S, Bae JH. Fermented food intake is associated with a reduced likelihood of atopic dermatitis in an adult population (Korean National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey 2012-2013). Nutrition research (New York, N.Y.). Feb 2016;36(2):125-133.

Park S, Choi HS, Bae JH. Instant noodles, processed food intake, and dietary pattern are associated with atopic dermatitis in an adult population (KNHANES 2009-2011). Asia Pacific journal of clinical nutrition. 2016;25(3):602-613.

Pasparakis M, Haase I, Nestle FO. Mechanisms regulating skin immunity and inflammation. Nature reviews. Immunology. 2014;14(5):289-301.

Pati R, Mehta RK, Mohanty S, Padhi A, Sengupta M, Vaseeharan B, . . . Sonawane A. Topical application of zinc oxide nanoparticles reduces bacterial skin infection in mice and exhibits antibacterial activity by inducing oxidative stress response and cell membrane disintegration in macrophages. Nanomedicine: nanotechnology, biology, and medicine. Aug 2014;10(6):1195-1208.

Pazyar N, Feily A. Garlic in dermatology. Dermatology reports. Jan 31 2011;3(1):e4.

Pazyar N, Yaghoobi R, Kazerouni A, Feily A. Oatmeal in dermatology: a brief review. Indian journal of dermatology, venereology and leprology. Mar-Apr 2012;78(2):142-145.

Peral MC, Martinez MA, Valdez JC. Bacteriotherapy with Lactobacillus plantarum in burns. International wound journal. Feb 2009;6(1):73-81.

Pereira RF, Bartolo PJ. Traditional Therapies for Skin Wound Healing. Advances in wound care. May 01 2016;5(5):208-229.

Peroni DG, Paiola G, Tenero L, Fornaro M, Bodini A, Pollini F, Piacentini GL. Chronic urticaria and celiac disease: a case report. Pediatric dermatology. Jan-Feb 2010;27(1):108-109.

Piotrowska A, Wierzbicka J, Zmijewski MA. Vitamin D in the skin physiology and pathology. Acta biochimica Polonica. 2016;63(1):89-95.

Pisseri F, Bertoli A, Nardoni S, Pinto L, Pistelli L, Guidi G, Mancianti F. Antifungal activity of tea tree oil from Melaleuca alternifolia against Trichophyton equinum: an in vivo assay. Phytomedicine: international journal of phytotherapy and phytopharmacology. Nov 2009;16(11):1056-1058.

Prince T, McBain AJ, O'Neill CA. Lactobacillus reuteri protects epidermal keratinocytes from Staphylococcus aureus-induced cell death by competitive exclusion. Appl Environ Microbiol. Aug 2012;78(15):5119-5126.

Rajan S. Skin and soft-tissue infections: classifying and treating a spectrum. Cleveland Clinic journal of medicine. Jan 2012;79(1):57-66.

Rao G. Skin Neoplasms, Benign and Malignant. In: Markides KS, ed. Encyclopedia of Health & Aging. Thousand Oaks, CA: SAGE Reference; 2007:519-520.

Rasool R, Masoodi KZ, Shera IA, Yosuf Q, Bhat IA, Qasim I, . . . Shah ZA. Chronic urticaria merits serum vitamin D evaluation and supplementation; a randomized case control study. The World Allergy Organization journal. 2015;8(1):15.

Raza N, Khan DA. Zinc deficiency in patients with persistent viral warts. Journal of the College of Physicians and Surgeons--Pakistan: JCPSP. Feb 2010;20(2):83-86.

Reeder NL, Xu J, Youngquist RS, Schwartz JR, Rust RC, Saunders CW. The antifungal mechanism of action of zinc pyrithione. Br J Dermatol. Oct 2011;165 Suppl 2:9-12.

Reunala T, Salmi TT, Hervonen K. Dermatitis herpetiformis: pathognomonic transglutaminase IgA deposits in the skin and excellent prognosis on a gluten-free diet. Acta dermato-venereologica. Nov 2015;95(8):917-922.

Reynertson KA, Garay M, Nebus J, Chon S, Kaur S, Mahmood K, . . . Southall MD. Anti-inflammatory activities of colloidal oatmeal (Avena sativa) contribute to the effectiveness of oats in treatment of itch associated with dry, irritated skin. J Drugs Dermatol. Jan 2015;14(1):43-48.

Rind T, Oiso N, Kawada A. Successful Treatment of Anogenital Wart with a Topical Vitamin D(3) Derivative in an Infant. Case reports in dermatology. Apr 20 2010;2(1):46-49.

Rivarola de Gutierrez E, Di Fabio A, Salomon S, Lanfranchi H. Topical treatment of oral lichen planus with anthocyanins. Medicina oral, patologia oral y cirugia bucal. Sep 01 2014;19(5):e459-466.

Rogers CJ, Gibney MD, Siegfried EC, Harrison BR, Glaser DA. Cimetidine therapy for recalcitrant warts in adults: is it any better than placebo? Journal of the American Academy of Dermatology. Jul 1999;41(1):123-127.

Rorie A, Goldner WS, Lyden E, Poole JA. Beneficial role for supplemental vitamin D3 treatment in chronic urticaria: a randomized study. Ann Allergy Asthma Immunol. Apr 2014;112(4):376-382.

Rosen T. Green tea catechins: biologic properties, proposed mechanisms of action, and clinical implications. J Drugs Dermatol. Nov 2012;11(11):e55-60.

Rubsam ML, Esch M, Baum E, Bosner S. Diagnosing skin disease in primary care: a qualitative study of GPs' approaches. Family practice. Oct 2015;32(5):591-595.

Rutherford T, Nixon R, Tam M, Tate B. Allergy to tea tree oil: retrospective review of 41 cases with positive patch tests over 4.5 years. The Australasian journal of dermatology. May 2007;48(2):83-87.

Safa G, Darrieux L. Successful treatment of molluscum contagiosum with a zinc oxide cream containing colloidal oatmeal extracts. Indian J Dermatol. Jul-Sep 2010;55(3):295-296.

Sahoo AK, Mahajan R. Management of tinea corporis, tinea cruris, and tinea pedis: A comprehensive review. Indian Dermatol Online J. Mar-Apr 2016;7(2):77-86.

Sakai S, Sugawara T, Hirata T. Inhibitory effect of dietary carotenoids on dinitrofluorobenzene-induced contact hypersensitivity in mice. Bioscience, biotechnology, and biochemistry. 2011;75(5):1013-1015.

Saliou C, Rimbach G, Moini H, McLaughlin L, Hosseini S, Lee J, . . . Packer L. Solar ultraviolet-induced erythema in human skin and nuclear factor-kappa-B-dependent gene expression in keratinocytes are modulated by a French maritime pine bark extract. Free radical biology & medicine. Jan 15 2001;30(2):154-160.

Sampaio AL, Mameri AC, Vargas TJ, Ramos-e-Silva M, Nunes AP, Carneiro SC. Seborrheic dermatitis. Anais brasileiros de dermatologia. Nov-Dec 2011;86(6):1061-1071; quiz 1072-1064.

Saric S, Clark AK, Sivamani RK, Lio PA, Lev-Tov HA. The Role of Polyphenols in Rosacea Treatment: A Systematic Review. Journal of alternative and complementary medicine (New York, N.Y.). Jun 26 2017.

Satchell AC, Saurajen A, Bell C, Barnetson RS. Treatment of dandruff with 5% tea tree oil shampoo. Journal of the American Academy of Dermatology. Dec 2002a;47(6):852-855.

Satchell AC, Saurajen A, Bell C, Barnetson RS. Treatment of interdigital tinea pedis with 25% and 50% tea tree oil solution: a randomized, placebo-controlled, blinded study. The Australasian journal of dermatology. Aug 2002b;43(3):175-178.

Sauerbrei A. Herpes Genitalis: Diagnosis, Treatment and Prevention. Geburtshilfe und Frauenheilkunde. Dec 2016;76(12):1310-1317.

Schaefer P. Acute and Chronic Urticaria: Evaluation and Treatment. American family physician. Jun 01 2017;95(11):717-724.

Scheinfeld N. Hidradenitis suppurativa: A practical review of possible medical treatments based on over 350 hidradenitis patients. Dermatology online journal. Apr 15 2013a;19(4):1.

Scheinfeld N. Update on the treatment of genital warts. Dermatology online journal. Jun 15 2013b;19(6):18559.

Schempp CM, Meinke MC, Lademann J, Ferrari Y, Brecht T, Gehring W. Topical antioxidants protect the skin from chemical-induced irritation in the repetitive washing test: a placebo-controlled, double-blind study. Contact dermatitis. Oct 2012;67(4):234-237.

Schreiner AW, Rockwell E, Vilter RW. A local defect in the metabolism of pyridoxine in the skin of person with seborrheic dermatitis of the "sicca" type. The Journal of investigative dermatology. Aug 1952;19(2):95-96.

Schulte BC, Wu W, Rosen T. Azelaic Acid: Evidence-based Update on Mechanism of Action and Clinical Application. J Drugs Dermatol. Sep 2015;14(9):964-968.

Schwartz RA, Janusz CA, Janniger CK. Seborrheic dermatitis: an overview. American family physician. Jul 01 2006;74(1):125-130.

Seckin D, Cerman AA, Yildiz A, Ergun T. Can topical calcipotriol be a treatment alternative in actinic keratoses? A preliminary report. J Drugs Dermatol. May 2009;8(5):451-454.

Seite S, Zelenkova H, Martin R. Clinical efficacy of emollients in atopic dermatitis patients - relationship with the skin microbiota modification. Clin Cosmet Investig Dermatol. 2017;10:25-33.

Sharquie KE, al-Turfi IA, al-Salloum SM. The antibacterial activity of tea in vitro and in vivo (in patients with impetigo contagiosa). J Dermatol. Nov 2000;27(11):706-710.

Sharquie KE, Khorsheed AA, Al-Nuaimy AA. Topical zinc sulphate solution for treatment of viral warts. Saudi Med J. Sep 2007;28(9):1418-1421.

Shin JH, Chung MJ, Seo JG. A multistrain probiotic formulation attenuates skin symptoms of atopic dermatitis in a mouse model through the generation of CD4+Foxp3+ T cells. Food Nutr Res. 2016;60:32550.

Sikorska H, Smoragiewicz W. Role of probiotics in the prevention and treatment of meticillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus infections. International journal of antimicrobial agents. Dec 2013;42(6):475-481.

Simmons BJ, Griffith RD, Falto-Aizpurua LA, Bray FN, Nouri K. Light and laser therapies for the treatment of sebaceous gland hyperplasia a review of the literature. J Eur Acad Dermatol Venereol. Nov 2015;29(11):2080-2087.


Simon SW. Vitamin B12 therapy in allergy and chronic dermatoses. The Journal of allergy. Mar 1951;22(2):183-185.

Simpson EL, Bieber T, Guttman-Yassky E, Beck LA, Blauvelt A, Cork MJ, . . . Ardeleanu M. Two Phase 3 Trials of Dupilumab versus Placebo in Atopic Dermatitis. New England Journal of Medicine. 2016;375(24):2335-2348.

Singh J, Johnson RC, Schlett CD, Elassal EM, Crawford KB, Mor D, . . . Merrell DS. Multi-Body-Site Microbiome and Culture Profiling of Military Trainees Suffering from Skin and Soft Tissue Infections at Fort Benning, Georgia. mSphere. Sep-Oct 2016;1(5). e00232-16.

Singh S, Tiwary NK. Acyclovir is not effective in pityriasis rosea: Results of a randomized, triple-blind, placebo-controlled trial. Indian journal of dermatology, venereology and leprology. Sep-Oct 2016;82(5):505-509.

Speight EL, Dahl MG, Farr PM. Actinic keratosis induced by use of sunbed. BMJ (Clinical research ed.). Feb 05 1994;308(6925):415.

Stevens DL, Bryant AE. Impetigo, Erysipelas and Cellulitis. In: Ferretti JJ, Stevens DL, Fischetti VA, eds. Streptococcus pyogenes: Basic Biology to Clinical Manifestations. Oklahoma City (OK). Copyright 2016 by The University of Oklahoma Health Sciences Center.

Stockfleth E, Meyer T. Sinecatechins (Polyphenon E) ointment for treatment of external genital warts and possible future indications. Expert Opin Biol Ther. Jul 2014;14(7):1033-1043.

Stone OJ. Pyridoxine deficiency and antagonism produce increased ground substance viscosity with resulting seborrheic dermatitis and increased tumor resistance. Med Hypotheses. Dec 1989;30(4):277-280.

Tagliolatto S, Santos Neto Ode O, Alchorne MM, Enokihara MY. Sebaceous hyperplasia: systemic treatment with isotretinoin. Anais brasileiros de dermatologia. Mar-Apr 2015;90(2):211-215.

Takao Y, Kuriyama I, Yamada T, Mizoguchi H, Yoshida H, Mizushina Y. Antifungal properties of Japanese cedar essential oil from waste wood chips made from used sake barrels. Molecular medicine reports. May 2012;5(5):1163-1168.

Tam H, Calderon MA, Manikam L, Nankervis H, Garcia Nunez I, Williams HC, . . . Boyle RJ. Specific allergen immunotherapy for the treatment of atopic eczema. The Cochrane database of systematic reviews. Feb 12 2016;2:Cd008774.

Tang Q, Zou P, Jin H, Fu J, Yang J, Shang L, Wei X. Grape-seed proanthocyanidins ameliorate contact hypersensitivity induced by 2,4-dinitrofluorobenzene (DNFB) and inhibit T cell proliferation in vitro. Toxicol Lett. Apr 05 2012;210(1):1-8.

Telang PS. Vitamin C in dermatology. Indian Dermatol Online J. Apr-Jun 2013;4(2):143-146.

Thappa DM, Chiramel MJ. Evolving role of immunotherapy in the treatment of refractory warts. Indian Dermatol Online J. Sep-Oct 2016;7(5):364-370.

Thomason J, Rentsch C, Stenehjem EA, Hidron AI, Rimland D. Association between vitamin D deficiency and methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus infection. Infection. Dec 2015;43(6):715-722.

Tolaas E, Knudsen CW, Sviland L, Tonseth KA. [Hidradenitis suppurativa]. Tidsskrift for den Norske laegeforening : tidsskrift for praktisk medicin, ny raekke. May 14 2009;129(10):992-996.

Torres F, das Gracas M, Melo M, Tosti A. Management of contact dermatitis due to nickel allergy: an update. Clin Cosmet Investig Dermatol. Apr 17 2009;2:39-48.

Trakatelli M, Barkitzi K, Apap C, Majewski S, De Vries E. Skin cancer risk in outdoor workers: a European multicenter case-control study. J Eur Acad Dermatol Venereol. Apr 2016;30 Suppl 3:5-11.

Tsao N, Kuo CF, Lei HY, Lu SL, Huang KJ. Inhibition of group A streptococcal infection by Melaleuca alternifolia (tea tree) oil concentrate in the murine model. J Appl Microbiol. Mar 2010;108(3):936-944.

Udompataikul M, Huajai S, Chalermchai T, Taweechotipatr M, Kamanamool N. The Effects of Oral Vitamin D Supplement on Atopic Dermatitis: A Clinical Trial with Staphylococcus aureus Colonization Determination. Journal of the Medical Association of Thailand = Chotmaihet thangphaet. Oct 2015;98 Suppl 9:S23-30.

Uhlenhake EE. Optimal treatment of actinic keratoses. Clin Interv Aging. 2013;8:29-35.

Usatine RP, Tinitigan M. Diagnosis and treatment of lichen planus. American family physician. Jul 01 2011;84(1):53-60.

Valdez JC, Peral MC, Rachid M, Santana M, Perdigon G. Interference of Lactobacillus plantarum with Pseudomonas aeruginosa in vitro and in infected burns: the potential use of probiotics in wound treatment. Clinical microbiology and infection: the official publication of the European Society of Clinical Microbiology and Infectious Diseases. Jun 2005;11(6):472-479.

Van Cutsem J, Van Gerven F, Fransen J, Schrooten P, Janssen PA. The in vitro antifungal activity of ketoconazole, zinc pyrithione, and selenium sulfide against Pityrosporum and their efficacy as a shampoo in the treatment of experimental pityrosporosis in guinea pigs. Journal of the American Academy of Dermatology. Jun 1990;22(6 Pt 1):993-998.

Vemuri RC, Gundamaraju R, Sekaran SD, Manikam R. Major pathophysiological correlations of rosacea: a complete clinical appraisal. Int J Med Sci. 2015;12(5):387-396.

Verdolini R, Simonacci F, Menon S, Pavlou P, Mannello B. Alitretinoin: a useful agent in the treatment of hidradenitis suppurativa, especially in women of child-bearing age. G Ital Dermatol Venereol. Apr 2015;150(2):155-162.

Vukmanovic-Stejic M, Rustin MH, Nikolich-Zugich J, Akbar AN. Immune responses in the skin in old age. Curr Opin Immunol. Aug 2011;23(4):525-531.

Wallengren J. Tea tree oil attenuates experimental contact dermatitis. Archives of dermatological research. Jul 2011;303(5):333-338.

Wan MT, Lin JY. Current evidence and applications of photodynamic therapy in dermatology. Clin Cosmet Investig Dermatol. 2014;7:145-163.

Wang IJ, Wang JY. Children with atopic dermatitis show clinical improvement after Lactobacillus exposure. Clin Exp Allergy. Apr 2015;45(4):779-787.

Wang XY, Lim-Jurado M, Prepageran N, Tantilipikorn P, Wang de Y. Treatment of allergic rhinitis and urticaria: a review of the newest antihistamine drug bilastine. Therapeutics and clinical risk management. 2016;12:585-597.

Weng Z, Zhang B, Asadi S, Sismanopoulos N, Butcher A, Fu X, . . . Theoharides TC. Quercetin is more effective than cromolyn in blocking human mast cell cytokine release and inhibits contact dermatitis and photosensitivity in humans. PloS one. 2012;7(3):e33805.

Werschler WP. Considerations for use of Fluorouracil cream 0.5% for the treatment of actinic keratosis in elderly patients. The Journal of clinical and aesthetic dermatology. Jul 2008;1(2):22-27.

West DP, Zhu YF. Evaluation of aloe vera gel gloves in the treatment of dry skin associated with occupational exposure. American journal of infection control. Feb 2003;31(1):40-42.

Westerberg DP, Voyack MJ. Onychomycosis: Current trends in diagnosis and treatment. American family physician. Dec 01 2013;88(11):762-770.

Weston WL. UpToDate: Overview of Dermatitis. Last updated 03/05/2014. Accessed 03/08/2017.

White TC, Findley K, Dawson TL, Jr., Scheynius A, Boekhout T, Cuomo CA, . . . Saunders CW. Fungi on the skin: dermatophytes and Malassezia. Cold Spring Harbor perspectives in medicine. Aug 01 2014;4(8).

Wiegand C, Hipler UC, Boldt S, Strehle J, Wollina U. Skin-protective effects of a zinc oxide-functionalized textile and its relevance for atopic dermatitis. Clin Cosmet Investig Dermatol. 2013;6:115-121.

Wohlrab J, Wohlrab D, Marsch WC. Acute effect of a dried ethanol-water extract of garlic on the microhaemovascular system of the skin. Arzneimittelforschung. Jul 2000;50(7):606-612.

Wollenberg A, Feichtner K. Atopic dermatitis and skin allergies - update and outlook. Allergy. Dec 2013;68(12):1509-1519.

Wong VW, Martindale RG, Longaker MT, Gurtner GC. From germ theory to germ therapy: skin microbiota, chronic wounds, and probiotics. Plastic and reconstructive surgery. Nov 2013;132(5):854e-861e.

Woo YR, Jung KE, Koo DW, Lee JS. Vitamin D as a Marker for Disease Severity in Chronic Urticaria and Its Possible Role in Pathogenesis. Annals of dermatology. Aug 2015;27(4):423-430.

Wozniacka A, Sysa-Jedrzejowska A, Adamus J, Gebicki J. Topical application of NADH for the treatment of rosacea and contact dermatitis. Clin Exp Dermatol. Jan 2003;28(1):61-63.

Wu CH, Eren E, Ardern-Jones MR, Venter C. Association between Micronutrient Levels and Chronic Spontaneous Urticaria. Biomed Res Int. 2015;2015:926167.

Xi Bao Y, Kwok Wong C, Kwok Ming Li E, Shan Tam L, Chung Leung P, Bing Yin Y, Wai Kei Lam C. Immunomodulatory effects of lingzhi and san-miao-san supplementation on patients with rheumatoid arthritis. Immunopharmacology and immunotoxicology. 2006;28(2):197-200.

Yaghmaie P, Koudelka CW, Simpson EL. Mental health comorbidity in patients with atopic dermatitis. The Journal of allergy and clinical immunology. Feb 2013;131(2):428-433.

Yeom M, Sur BJ, Park J, Cho SG, Lee B, Kim ST, . . . Hahm DH. Oral administration of Lactobacillus casei variety rhamnosus partially alleviates TMA-induced atopic dermatitis in mice through improving intestinal microbiota. J Appl Microbiol. Aug 2015;119(2):560-570.

Zane LT, Chanda S, Jarnagin K, Nelson DB, Spelman L, Gold LS. Crisaborole and its potential role in treating atopic dermatitis: overview of early clinical studies. Immunotherapy. Jul 2016;8(8):853-866.

Zhou L, Cao T, Wang Y, Yao H, Du G, Tian Z, Tang G. Clinical observation on the treatment of oral lichen planus with total glucosides of paeony capsule combined with corticosteroids. International immunopharmacology. Jul 2016;36:106-110.

Zirwas MJ, Molenda MA. Dietary nickel as a cause of systemic contact dermatitis. The Journal of clinical and aesthetic dermatology. Jun 2009;2(6):39-43.

Zouboulis CC. Adalimumab for the treatment of hidradenitis suppurativa/acne inversa. Expert review of clinical immunology. Oct 2016;12(10):1015-1026.

Zuzarte M, Vale-Silva L, Goncalves MJ, Cavaleiro C, Vaz S, Canhoto J, . . . Salgueiro L. Antifungal activity of phenolic-rich Lavandula multifida L. essential oil. European journal of clinical microbiology & infectious diseases : official publication of the European Society of Clinical Microbiology. Jul 2012;31(7):1359-1366.