Benign Prostatic Hyperplasia (BPH)
Dietary and Lifestyle Considerations
There are many factors associated with reduced risk of developing BPH. These include:
Healthy diet. Excessive calories, animal proteins (red meat, dairy, poultry), and fats are associated with the development of BPH. Conversely, diets high in vegetables and fruits are associated with less risk of developing BPH (Parsons 2010).
Weight loss and blood sugar control. Fat mass (adiposity) is strongly associated with prostate size; and weight, as well as body mass index (BMI), have shown similar associations (Parsons 2010). One study found obese men are 3.5 times as likely to experience prostate enlargement as normal weight men (Parsons 2006). Diabetes, as well as high insulin and fasting glucose levels, have also been linked to prostate enlargement and BPH (Parsons 2010).
Exercise. Exercise and physical activity reduce the risk of developing BPH. An analysis of 11 studies involving over 43,000 men found moderate or vigorous physical activity reduced BPH risk as much as 25% compared with a sedentary lifestyle. Higher levels of physical activity were associated with greater protection (Parsons 2008).
Vitamin D levels. Vitamin D deficiency is associated with prostate enlargement, and increasing vitamin D intake reduces the risk of BPH and can help reduce prostate size in men with BPH (Espinosa 2013; Zhang 2016).