Dietary and Lifestyle Considerations
- Avoid methionine-rich foods, particularly red meats and dairy products. Although methionine is an essential amino acid, it is also suspected to indirectly promote atherosclerotic plaque growth by increasing homocysteine levels.
- Exercise. In a cardiac rehabilitation program following bypass surgery, angioplasty, or heart attack, 76 participants experienced a modest 12% reduction in homocysteine just by engaging in a program of regular exercise.70
- Decrease or eliminate alcohol, coffee (filtered and unfiltered), and smoking.
- Weight loss. Obesity is associated with higher homocysteine.